Pharmaceutical Medicine

, Volume 23, Issue 1, pp 11–18 | Cite as

Optimization of Breast Cancer Chemotherapy Regimens using a Pharmacokinetic/Pharmacodynamic Model-Based Design

  • Hamid Khaloozadeh
  • Sahar Yazdani
  • Manuchehr Kamyab
Current Opinion


This review presents a new optimal model-based regimen for cytotoxic chemotherapy. The main purpose of designing this improved regimen was to minimize the adverse effects of chemotherapy on healthy tissue whilst still destroying tumour cells. By considering the Gompertzian model for tumour and normal cell growth, and simple models for drug pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics, a two-part cost function is defined and minimized subject to constraints defined by each patient’s physical condition. The response of the neutrophil cell population to the drug is modelled, together with the tumour response, and some features of this response are used as constraints. The proposed model-based regimen includes refined drug doses and administration intervals in each chemotherapy cycle.


Doxorubicin Cost Function Neutrophil Count Plan Dose Cumulative Total Dose 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



No sources of funding were used to assist in the preparation of this review. The authors have no conflicts of interest that are directly relevant to the content of this review.


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Copyright information

© Adis Data Information BV 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hamid Khaloozadeh
    • 1
  • Sahar Yazdani
    • 1
  • Manuchehr Kamyab
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Electrical EngineeringK.N. Toosi University of TechnologyTehranIran

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