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Molecular Diagnosis & Therapy

, Volume 11, Issue 2, pp 79–82 | Cite as

Impact of Pharmacogenomics on Clinical Practice in Oncology

  • Sharon Marsh
Current Opinion

Abstract

Multiple drug strategies for many cancer types are now readily available and there is a clear need for tools to inform decision making on therapy selection. Although there is still a long way to go before pharmacogenomics achieves the goal of individualized selection of cancer treatment, promising progress is being made. Genetic testing for thiopurine methyltransferase (TPMT) variant alleles in patients prior to mercaptopurine administration, and for UGT1A1*28 in patients prior to administration of irinotecan therapy, along with the instigation of genotype-guided clinical trials (e.g. TYMS) are important advances in cancer pharmacogenomics. Markers for the toxicity and efficacy of many oncology drugs remain unknown; however, the examples highlighted here suggest progress is being made towards the incorporation of pharmacogenomics into clinical practice in oncology.

Keywords

Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Irinotecan Mercaptopurine TPMT Activity Frequent Variant Allele 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The author is supported by the National Institues of Health (grants UO1 GM63340 and R21 CA113491). The author has no conflicts of interest that are directly relevant to the content of this article.

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Copyright information

© Adis Data Information BV 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of OncologyWashington University School of MedicineSt LouisUSA

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