, Volume 6, Issue 2, pp 36–39 | Cite as

Optimised car seats

  • Harald Rüther
  • Christian Wagner
Cover Story


In a rear-end collision, injuries are not usually serious, but frequently traumatic injury to the cervical vertebrae, the so-called whiplash effect, can be involved


Abbreviate Injury Scale Whiplash Injury Rebound Velocity Head Restraint Safe Seat 
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  2. [2]
    EEVC Working Group 20: Rear Impact Test Procedures, Working Document 80.Google Scholar
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    Maria Krafft, Anders Kullgren, Anders Lie, Claes Tingvall: Assessment of Whiplash Protection in Rear Impacts — Crash Tests and Real-life Crashes, June 2004.Google Scholar
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    www.gdv.deGoogle Scholar
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    Wilfried Klanner, Ralf Ambos: Test-und Einstufungsverfahren zur Bewertung des HWS-Schutzes und der Sitzstabilität von Fahrzeugsitzen beim Heckaufprall, Bag & Belt 2004.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Harald Rüther
    • 1
  • Christian Wagner
    • 1
  1. 1.IVM AutomotiveGermany

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