Sweet slow digestible carbohydrates
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Different carbohydrates elicit different effects in the human body which are not only dependent on the carbohydrate digestibility but also on the rate of digestion and energy release, which in turn are dependent on the chemical and physical structure of the carbohydrate. Substituting sugars in foods and beverages with slowly digestible carbohydrates attenuates the postprandial blood glucose and insulin responses. Modifying the physiological reactions that happen in the early postprandial state (e.g. glycaemia, GLP-1 [glucagon-like peptide-1] release), is estimated to have long-term health benefits affecting insulin sensitivity, lipid metabolism and fat storage in the human body. Although low glycaemic response diets have often been linked to the dietary fibre content of the diet, studies aimed to detangle the effects of available versus nonavailable carbohydrate show that effects are seen independent of the fibre content of the diet.
In this paper we describe a novel slow digestible carbohydrate, sucromalt*, herein termed SULT, how it is tolerated, and its effects on postprandial glycaemic and insulinaemic levels. Assumptions of long-term health benefits of modifying the postprandial state are made.
Key wordsBlood glucose Carbohydrates Diabetes Glycaemic Index Postprandial Sweetener
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