Synthesis and properties of novel flame retardant poly(butylene terephthalate)
The phosphorus comonomer [(6-oxido-6H-dibenz<c,e=<1,2=oxaphosphorin-6-yl)methyl]-methyl butanedioate (DOP-MBDA) was synthesized through the addition reaction of dimethyl itaconate (DMI) with 9,10-dihydro-9-oxa-10-phosphaphenan threne-10-oxide (DOP). A series of novel flame retardant poly(butylene terephthalate)s (PBTs) containing different amounts of phosphorus were prepared using DOP-MBDA as a comonomer. These novel polymers were characterized by1H-NMR, IR, and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). The novel phosphorus-containing poly(butylene terephthalate)s, referred to as FR-PBTs, exhibited interesting thermal and mechanical behavior, as well as superior flame retardancy. These properties are attributed to the effect of incorporating the rigid structure of DOP-MBDA and the pendant phosphorus group into the poly(butylene terephthalate) (PBT) homopolymer. The UL 94-V2 rating could be achieved with this novel flame retardant PBT, which has a phosphorus content as low as 0.5 wt%, and the FR-PBTs emitted less fumes and toxic gases than the PBT homopolymer.
Keywordscopolymerization flame retardance polyesters phosphorus monomers
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