For thymic carcinoma, a 67-year-old Japanese female underwent combined chemotherapy, to which a partial response was registered. Afterwards, total thymectomy with combined en bloc resection of the biopsy site, the partial sternum and the partial mediastinal components were completed with a clear margin. Skeletal reconstruction was performed using polypropylene mesh. Paradoxical movement of the chest wall was tolerable. Functional and cosmetic appearance of the chest wall following the reconstruction was satisfactory. Thirty-nine months had passed since the onset of the chemotherapy, when local recurrence was detected in the approximated major pectoral muscle. The patient underwent salvage radiation therapy that resulted in a complete response, and is currently alive and disease free at 46 months after the onset of the combined chemotherapy.
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