Gold Bulletin

, Volume 14, Issue 3, pp 95–101 | Cite as

Gold surfaces for condensation heat transfer

  • James W. Westwater
Open Access


Ever since the discovery of dropwise condensation by Ernst Schmidt (1) in 1930, engineers have sought to use the phenomenon commercially. Early attempts gave discouraging results and the subject became rather dormant for several decades. However, recent studies with gold surfaces have revived the interest. Some of the new findings are presented in this review article.


Heat Mass Transfer Gold Surface Condensation Heat Transfer Heat Transfer Mode Dropwise Condensation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© World Gold Council 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • James W. Westwater
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringUniversity of IllinoisUrbanaUSA

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