Gold Bulletin

, Volume 39, Issue 4, pp 166–174 | Cite as

Gold in polyaniline: Recent trends

  • Kaushik Mallick
  • Mike J Witcomb
  • Mike S Scurrell
Open Access


Nanotechnology offers an extremely broad range of potential applications in, for example, electronics, optical communication and biological systems. Gold nanoparticles of different sizes and shapes combined with polyaniline can give rise to a host polymer with interesting physical properties and important potential applications. Many possible applications for this system have been explored, many devices and systems have been studied, while more potential applications and devices are being proposed. Such composites are discussed in this review on the basis of the techniques used for their synthesis, their properties and possible applications.


Polyaniline Gold Nanoparticles Gold Particle AuCl Electrocatalytic Oxidation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    D. Braun, A.J. Heeger,Appl. Phys. Lett., 1991,58, 1982CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    G. Gustafsson, Y. Cao, G.M. Treacy, F. Klavetter, N. Colaneri, A.J. Heeger,Nature, 1992,35, 477CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    N.C. Greenham, S.C. Moratti, D.D.C. Bradley, R.H. Friend, A.B. Holmes,Nature, 1993,365, 628CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    G. Grem, G. Leditzky, B. Ullrich, G. Leising,Adv. Mater., 1992,4, 36CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    K. Amano, H. Ishikawa, A. Kobayashi, M. Satoh, E. Hasegawa,Synth. Met., 1994,62, 229CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    A. Ray, G.E. Asturias, D.L. Kershner, A.F. Richter, A.G. MacDiarmid, A.J. Epstein,Synth. Met., 1989,29, E141CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    A.H-L. Geoff, M.C. Bernar,Synth. Met., 1993,60, 115CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    A.G. MacDiarmid, A.J. Epstein,Synth. Met., 1994,65, 103CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    E.T. Kang, K.G. Neoh, K.L. Tan,Prog. Polym. Sci., 1998,23, 277CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    E.M. Genies, A. Boyle, M. Lapkowski, C. Tsintavis,Synth. Met., 1990,36, 139CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    F. Lux,Polymer, 1994,35, 2915CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    N. Gospodinova, L. Terlemezyan,Prog. Polym. Sci., 1998,23, 1443CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    E.T. Kang, Y.P. Ting, K.G. Neoh, K.L. Tan,Polymer, 1993,34, 4994CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    J. Wang, K.G. Neoh, E.T. Kang,J. Colloid Interface Sci., 2001,239, 78CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    T.K. Sarma, D. Chowdhury, A. Paul, A. Chattopadhyay,Chem. Commun., 2002, 1048Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    G. Li, W. Fudickar, M. Skupin, A. Klyszcz, C. Draeger, M. Lauer, J.H. Fuhrhop,Angew. Chem., Int. Ed., 2002,41, 1828CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 7.
    R. Gangopadhyay, A. De,Chem. Mater. 200,12, 608 (and references therein)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    J-H. Fuhrhop, J. Koning, in Monographs in Supramolecular Chemistry; Molecular Assemblies and Membranes: The Synkinetic Approach; J.F. Stoddart, Ed., Royal Society of Chemistry: London, 1994Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    S.W. Huang, K.G. Neoh, E.T. Kang, H.S. Han, K.L. Tan,J. Mat. Chem. 1998,8, 1743CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    M. Kramer, J.F. Stumbe, H. Turk, S. Krause, A. Komp, L. Delineau, S. Prokhorova, H. Kautz, R. Haag,Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 2002,41, 4252CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    D. Balasubramanian, B. Raman, B.C.V. Sundari,J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1993,115, 74CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    T.K. Sarma, A. Chattopadhyay,Langmuir, 2004,20, 4733CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    M. Angelopoulos, G.E. Asturias, S.P. Ermer, A. Ray, E.M. Scherr, A.G. Macdiarmid, M. Akhtar, Z. Kiss, A.J. Epstein,Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst., 1988,160, 151CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    S. Quillard, G. Louarn, S. Lefrant, A.G. Macdiarmid,Phys. Rev. B., 1994,50, 12496CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    A.A. Syed, M. K. Dinesan,Talanta, 1991,38, 815CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    J.M. Kinyanjui, D.W. Hatchett, J.A. Smith, M. Josowicz,Chem. Mater., 2004,16, 3390CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    S.K. Pillalamarri, F.D. Blum, A.T. Tokuhiro, M.F. Bertino,Chem. Mater., 2005,17, 941CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    C.G. Wu,T. Bein, Science, 1994,264, 1757Google Scholar
  29. 30.
    C.R. Martin,Chem. Mater., 1996,8, 1739CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 31.
    C.W. Wang, Z. Wang, M.K. Li, H.L. Li,Chem. Phys. Lett., 2001,341, 431CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 29.
    R.V. Rarthasarathy, C.R. Martin,Chem. Mater., 1994,6, 1627CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    J.C. Michaelson, A.J. McEvoy,Chem. Commun., 1994, 79Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    H.J. Qiu, M.X. Wan,J. Polym. Sci., Part A: Polym. Chem., 2001,39, 3485CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    J.X. Huang, S. Virji, B.H. Weiller, R.B. Kaner,J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2003,125, 314CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 35.
    Y. Wang, Z. Liu, B. Han, Z. Sun, Y. Huang, G. Yang,Langmuir, 2005,21, 833CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    S.K. Pillalamarri, F.D. Blum, M.F. Bertino,Chem. Commun., 2005, 4584Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    K. Mallick, M.J. Witcomb, A. Dinsmore, M.S. Scurrell,Macromol. Rapid Commun., 2005,26, 232.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 38.
    K. Mallick, M.J. Witcomb, M.S. Scurrell,J. Mater. Sci. 2006,41, 6189CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 39.
    X. Dai, Y. Tan, J. Xu,Langmuir, 2002,18, 9010CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 40.
    X. Sun, S. Dong, E. Wang,Chem. Commun., 2004, 1182Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    E. Granot, E. Katz, B. Basnar, I. Willner,Chem. Mater., 2005,17, 4600CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 42.
    (a) S. Tian, J. Liu, T. Zhu, W. Knoll,Chem. Commun., 2003, 2738 (b) S. Tian, J. Liu, T. Zhu, W. Knoll, Chem. Mater., 2004, 16, 4103Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    X. Feng, C. Mao, G. Yang, W. Hou, J-J. Zhu,Langmuir, 2006,22, 4384CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 44.
    R.H. Friend, R.W. Gymer, A.B. Holmes, J.H. Burroughes, R.N. Marks, C. Taliani, D D.C. Bradley, D A. Dos Santos, J.L. Brédas, M. Lögdlund, W.R. Salaneck,Nature, 1999,397, 121CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 45.
    H. Sirringhuas, N. Tessler, R.H. Friend,Science, 1998,280, 1741CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 46.
    G. Yu, J. Gao, J.C. Hummelen, F. Wudl, A.J. Heeger,Science, 1995,270, 1789CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 47.
    J.C. Scott,Science, 2004,304, 62CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. 48.
    A.P. Alivisatos,Science, 1996,271, 933CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 49.
    R.J. Tseng, J. Huang, J. Ouyang, R.B. Kaner, Y. Yang,Nano Lett., 2005,5, 1077CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© World Gold Council 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kaushik Mallick
    • 1
  • Mike J Witcomb
    • 2
  • Mike S Scurrell
    • 1
  1. 1.Molecular Sciences InstituteSchool of ChemistrySouth Africa
  2. 2.Electron Microscope UnitUniversity of the Witwatersrand JohannesburgWITSSouth Africa

Personalised recommendations