Gold Bulletin

, Volume 15, Issue 3, pp 101–109 | Cite as

Enamelling on gold

A historical perspective
  • David Buckton
Open Access


The revival of enamel has awakened interest in the history of the medium, as revealed by an increasing number of exhibitions, lectures and seminars on the subject. However, books and articles are rare, partly because of the expense of the necessary colour illustrations, and partly because the history of enamel is still being written — and will continue to be written for many years to come (1).


British Museum Antimonate Late Antique Painted Enamel Greek World 
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Notes and References

  1. 1.
    While he unreservedly acknowledges, with gratitude, the authoritative help given by Mavis Bimson on enamel, by Andrew Oddy on gilding (both of the Department of Scientific Research and Conservation in the British Museum) and by Ernest Hawkins, OBE, on mosaics, the author wishes to make it clear that he is entirely responsible for the conclusions which he has drawn in this article.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    R. Higgins, ‘Greek and Roman Jewellery’, 2nd Edition, Methuen and Co. Ltd., London, 1980, pp. 24–25Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    See (2), pp. 24–26, pl. 48BGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    See (2), pp. 24–25, pl. 11AGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    R. Higgins, ‘Minoan and Mycenaean Art’, Thames and Hudson Ltd., London, 1967, Fig. 222Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    See (2), pp. 24–25Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    See (5), Fig. 223Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    A.M. Watson,Econ. Hist. Rep., 2nd Ser., 1967,20, (2), 1 J.P.C. Kent, personal communicationGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    In the author’s opinion the best edition is: C.R. Dodwell, ‘Theophilus, De Diversis Artibus’, Thomas Nelson and Sons Ltd., London, 1961Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    See (9), book III, chapter liiiGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    See (9), book III, chapter liii. The different gauges of gold sheet and the internal border prescribed by Theophilus have been ignored in the interests of clarityGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    See (9), book III, chapter liiiiGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    W.E.S. Turner and H.P. Rooksby,Jahrb. Röm. Ger. Zentralmus., Mainz, 1961,8, 27 H.P. Rooksby,Gen. Electr. Co. J. Sci. Technol., 1962,29, 20–26Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    See (9), book II, chapter xiiGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    J. Callmer, personal communicationGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    A. Lundström,Early Medieval Studies, 1976,9, 4–7Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    C. Davis-Weyer, in ‘Fourth Annual Byzantine Studies Conference (Ann Arbor 1978), Abstracts of Papers’, p. 4Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    ‘Codex Carolinus’, letter 67, (Monumenta Germaniae, Epistolae Merowingici et Karolini Aevi, I, 614)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    M. P. Merrifield, ‘Original Treatises, Dating from the XIIth to XVIIIth Centuries, on the Arts …’, vol. I, John Murray, London, 1849, pp. 182–257 for Heraclius, book I, chapter xiiiiGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    See (9), book II, chapter xiiGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    See (9), book III, chapter lvGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© World Gold Council 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • David Buckton
    • 1
  1. 1.The British MuseumLondonUK

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