Ballast water management in the Baltic Sea
- 159 Downloads
The Helsinki Commission (HELCOM), comprising of nine Baltic Sea countries and the European Union, is working to protect the Baltic Sea from all sources of pollution, including biological pollution from alien species. HELCOM Baltic Sea Action Plan, singed by Contracting States’ environmentministers and EU, includes a Road Map for harmonized implementation and ratification of the International Convention for Control and Management of Ships’ Ballast Water and Sediments, with an overall aim of all Baltic Sea countries ratifying the Convention latest in 2013.
HELCOM has compiled information on the alien species present in the Baltic Sea and species that might still invade from other sea regions, possibly impairing or damaging the environment, human health, property or resources.
The HELCOM MARITIME Group has decided in its 8th meeting (2009) that Ballast Water Exchange is not a suitable management option for intra-Baltic shipping, and the Baltic Community has taken action with OSPAR Commission to promote voluntary exchange of ballast water outside the Baltic Sea and in OSPAR areas meeting the Convention requirements.
Further HELCOM work will focus on how to assess risks related on intra-Baltic voyages, and on following developments of ballast water treatment technologies suitable for the small and semi-enclosed Baltic Sea.
Key wordsHelsinki Commission Ballast Water Management Alien Species Shipping Ballast Water Management Convention
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.HELCOM. 2007.Baltic Sea action plan. http://www.helcom.fi/stc/files/BSAP/BSAP_Final.pdf.Google Scholar
- 2.HELCOM. Alien species. www.helcom.fi/environment2/biodiv/alien/en_GB/alienspecies/ (accessed 12 January 2010).Google Scholar
- 3.IMO. 2010.Document MEPC60/12. Status of the Conventions. Annex 7.Google Scholar
- 4.HELCOM. 2008. HOD 27/2008 Meeting document 3/5/Add.1. http://meeting.helcom.fi/web/hod/.Google Scholar
- 5.Baltic Sea Alien Species Database. 2007. Ed. S. Olenin, D. Daunys, E. Leppäkoski and A. Zaiko. http://www.corpi.ku.lt/nemo/mainnemo.html.Google Scholar
- 6.DAISIE (Delivering alien invasive species inventories for Europe). 2008. http://www.europe-aliens.org/index.jsp.Google Scholar
- 7.Web Site on Alien Species in Swedish Seas and Coastal Areas. http://www.frammandearter.se/.Google Scholar
- 8.NOBANIS (The north European and Baltic network on invasive alien species). http://www.nobanis.org/default.asp.Google Scholar
- 9.IMO. 2006.Guidelines for risk assessment under Regulation a-4 of the BWM Convention (G7). Document MEPC 55/23. Annex 2 RESOLUTIONMEPC.162(56). http://globallast.imo.org/The IMO Guidelines.Google Scholar
- 10.HELCOM. 2006.Risk assessment of ballast water mediated species introductions — A Baltic Sea approach. E. Leppäkoski and S. Gollasch. http://www.helcom.fi/environment2/biodiv/alien/en_GB/alienspecies/.Google Scholar
- 11.IMO. 2007.Guidelineson designation of areas for ballastwater exchange. Document MEPC 56/23, Annex 3 RESOLUTIONMEPC.151(56). http://globallast.imo.org/The IMO Guidelines.Google Scholar
- 12.HELCOM. 2009. MARITIME document 7/5 http://meeting.helcom.fi/web/maritime/>Maritime Group >Maritime >HELCOMMARITIME 8.Google Scholar
- 13.IMO. 2009. Generalguidance on the voluntary interim application of the D1 ballast water exchange standard in the North-East Atlantic and the Baltic Sea. Document BWM.2/Circ.14, Annex. http://www.helcom.fi/stc/files/shipping/BWM.2_Circ.14_BWE-OSPA Rand HELCOM.pdf.Google Scholar