Acta Theriologica

, Volume 48, Issue 1, pp 101–111 | Cite as

Estimating the size of European rabbits consumed by predators: Relationship between body mass and tooth dimensions

  • Javier Calzada
  • Daniel T. Haydon
  • Francisco Palomares


A method for estimating body mass of European rabbitsOryctolagus cuniculus (Linnaeus, 1758) based on tooth dimensions is proposed. Regression models identified significant relationships between the body mass of 87 rabbits and individual tooth length, breadth, product of tooth length and breadth, and whether or not the individual was infected with myxomatosis. Dimensions of 10 of 14 different teeth explained over 80% of variation in body mass, and those teeth were selected as adequate predictors of rabbit body mass. Models were tested using teeth from 16 additional rabbits of known body mass. Body mass, predicted on the basis of 9 of the 10 selected teeth, was statistically indistinguishable from the observed values for all 16 individuals. When myxomatosis infection status of the rabbit was included in the model, all 10 selected teeth yielded predictions statistically indistinguishable from those observed. Prediction errors can be computed permitting statistical comparison of the average predicted value of body mass from different samples of rabbits. The model is useful in estimating rabbit body masses from teeth recovered from feces of predators and it will facilitate testing of hypotheses on size-selective predation. The method was applied to rabbit teeth found in fecal samples from the Iberian lynxLynx pardinus collected over a one-year period. Lynx preyed preferentially upon younger rabbits during the peak breeding period of this lagomorph.

Key words

Oryctolagus cuniculus Lynx pardinus body mass prediction prey remains size selection 


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Copyright information

© Mammal Research Institute, Bialowieza, Poland 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Javier Calzada
    • 1
  • Daniel T. Haydon
    • 2
  • Francisco Palomares
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Applied Biology, Estación Biológica de DoñnanaCSICSevillaSpain
  2. 2.Centre for Tropical Veterinary MedicineEaster BushRoslin, MidlothianScotland

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