Production of neosolaniol monoacetate by an undescribedFusarium species resemblingF camptoceras
Cultures of 12 South African isolates of an undescribedFusarium species resembling but distinct fromF camptoceras were analysed for the presence of diacetoxyscirpenol (DAS), neosolaniol monoacetate (NMA), and T-2 toxin, by capillary gas chromatography utilizing electron capture detection. No DAS or T-2 toxin could be detected in any of the cultures of the isolates. NMA was, however, detected in 10 of the 12 isolates at levels ranging from 310 to 2060 ng/g. The method used, was primarily developed for the determination of DAS and T-2 toxin in fungal cultures and grain samples but was found to be suitable for the coextraction of NMA at an average recovery of 80.8%, with a detection limit in the order of 100 ng/g. Supportive evidence for the presence of the NMA was obtained by capillary gas chromatography / mass spectrometry. Regarded as a relatively rare trichothecene, NMA has never been reported to occur naturally and has previously been shown to be produced by only a fewFusarium strains.
KeywordsTrichothecene Mycotoxin Research Diacetoxyscirpenol Fusarium Strain Diacetoxy
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