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Mycotoxin Research

, Volume 2, Issue 2, pp 59–64 | Cite as

Deoxynivalenol and 3-acetyldeoxynivalenol — mycotoxins associated with wheat head fusariosis in Poland

  • Angelo Visconti
  • Jerzy Chelkowski
  • Antonio Bottalico
Article

Abstract

Samples of wheat naturally infected in the field byFusarium culmorum (W.G.Sm.) Sacc. andFusarium graminearum Schwabe were analyzed for deoxynivalenol, 3-acetyldeoxynivalenol, and zearalenone. No zearalenone was detected at levels higher than 0.5mg/kg. Deoxynivalenol was present in 100% and 3-acetyldeoxynivalenol in 80% of the examined samples at levels of 0.21 to 30.4 mg/kg and 0.54 to 29.54 mg/kg, respectively. The mycotoxin levels in the chaff were 5 to 50 times higher than in the kernels. This is the first report on natural occurrence of 3-acetyldeoxynivalenol in wheat. This toxin, in addition to deoxynivalenol, was highly correlated with wheat head fusariosis. These findings suggest that more attention should be given to the occurrence of 3-acetyldeoxynivalenol in cereal grains during the growth as well as during storage.

Keywords

Graminearum Fusarium Head Blight Trichothecene Zearalenone Deoxynivalenol 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Society of Mycotoxin Research and Springer 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Angelo Visconti
    • 1
  • Jerzy Chelkowski
    • 2
  • Antonio Bottalico
    • 1
  1. 1.Istituto Tossine e Micotossine da Parassiti VegetaliCNRBariItaly
  2. 2.Department of Plant PathologyAgricultural UniversityWarsawPoland

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