Effect of nigerian meals on the pharmacokinetics of chlorpropamide in type II diabetic patients
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Food-drug interactions are best evaluated on an individual drug basis, in a group of subjects in a population at risk. This is due to their complex nature, which is a function of type and size of meal, the physical and chemical form of the drug and the time lapse between food intake and drug administration.
This work was aimed at investigating the effect of three different Nigerian meals, which are regularly consumed by the three major tribes in Nigeria, on the pharmacokinetics of chlorpropamide, a drug commonly used to treat Type II diabetes in this country.
Meal A (maize flour meal) was composed of 81 % carbohydrate, 3% protein and 11 % fat; meal B (cassava flour meal) was composed of 76% carbohydrate, 3% protein and 15% fat; while meal C (browned yam flour meal) was composed of 85% carbohydrate, 2% protein and 8% fat.
The effects of the three meals were investigated by administering each of the meals alone, without the medicinal drug (Treatment I); in Treatment II each meal was administered 30 min following the administration of 250 mg chlorpropamide; in Treatment HI the drug was administered together with each of the standard meals. Analysis of the plasma levels of chlorpropamide was performed by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC).
Ingestion of the meal alone (Treatment I) resulted in a significant difference in postprandial plasma glucose levels. The time to maximum plasma chlorpropamide concentration was significantly increased in Treatment III (P<0. 05), while all pharmacokinetic parameters and plasma glucose levels were not significantly altered in Treatment II.
Analysis of the results demonstrated a better glycaemic response with meals A and C compared with meal B.
Key wordsChlorpropamide Pharmacokinetics Type II diabetes Nigeria
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