Blood level, metabolism and excretion of [14C]-brotizolam in mice
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Blood level, metabolite pattern and excretion of [14C]-brotizolam, a hypnotic drug, were studied in mice following oral administraiton. [14C]-Brotizolam was rapidly absorbed which was indicated by a Tmax of the blood level of 0.5 h. Radioactive compounds were eliminated from the blood with a half-life of 5.6 h. Total excretion of radioactivity, the renal portion of which was 22.4%, was complete after 4 days. [14C]-Brotizolam was almost completely metabolized. Using TLC, HPLC and radioactivity measurement, the main metabolite in bile, urine and plasma was found to be brotizolam hydroxylated at the methyl group. Other major metabolites were brotizolam hydroxylated at the diazepine ring and a combination of both hydroxylations. In the bile, all metabolites were conjugated. The metabolism of brotizolam in mice is similar to that in dogs, monkeys and man but not in rats.
KeywordsBrotizolam blood level pharmacokinetics metabolism excretion mice
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