Self-focused attention and personality validation
Previous research has shown that self-focused attention increases resistance to incorrect experimental suggestion about internal bodily states. The generality of this finding was tested in the present experiment for judgements which require more extensive external validation. It was found that false personality feedback was judged as significantly less accurate than genuine feedback under mirror selffocused conditions but not in the absence of a mirror. Explanations in terms of facial feedback, task involvement, social desirability, and self-serving reactions were discussed but these did not adequately account for the data. The results extend previous findings by showing that even where subjects do not have direct access to internal cues, private self-awareness enhances the validity of self-perceptions.
KeywordsPersonality Test Experimental Social Psychology Personality Feedback Extremity Score False Feedback
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Buss, A. H. (1980). Self-Consciousness and Social Anxiety. San Francisco: Freeman.Google Scholar
- Cattell, R.B., Eber, H. W. & Tatsuoka, M.M. (1970). Handbook for the Sixteen Personality Factor Questlonnaire. Champaign, IL: IPAT.Google Scholar
- Duval, S. & Wicklund, R.A. (1972). A Theory of Objective Self-Awareness. New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar
- Scheier, M.F. & Carver, C.S. (1981). Private and public aspects of self. In L. Wheeler (ed.), Review of Personality and Social Psychology, Volume 2. London: Sage.Google Scholar
- Wicklund, R.A. (1975). Objective self-awareness. In L. Berkowitz (ed.), Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, Volume 8. New York: Academic Press.Google Scholar