Advertisement

Proceedings: Animal Sciences

, Volume 92, Issue 3, pp 263–276 | Cite as

Juvenoid-induced supernumerary larval instars in certain stored grain insects

  • U S Srivastava
  • R C Srivastava
Article
  • 22 Downloads

Abstract

InEphestia cautella, Corcyra cephalonica andTribolium castaneum, multiple and viable supernumerary larval moults are brought about by treatment of the last larval instar with juvenoids. The normal last larval instar responds to such treatment throughout its life but the number of extra moults is age and dose-related. Supernumerary instars show progressive increase in weight, size and head width. Dyars Law of growth is not strictly applicable. Until a certain stage, a single treatment or removal from juvenoid mixed medium is followed by 2 or 3 further moults and the insects metamorphose normally. Administration of juvenoids with food is more effective than topical treatment.

Keywords

Stored grain insects juvenoid effect supernumerary larval moults Ephestia cautella Corcyra cephalonica Tribolium castaneum 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Abdallah M D, Zaazou M H and El-Tantawi M 1974 Sensitivity of the larval stage ofSpodoptera liltoralis Boisd to a juvenile hormone analogue;Toxicology 2 349–354CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Akai H and Kobayashi M 1971 Induction of prolonged larval instar by the juvenile hormone inBombyx mori L;Appl. Entomol. Zool. 6 138–139Google Scholar
  3. Babu T H and Slama K 1972 Systemic activity of a juvenile hormone analogue;Science 175 78–79CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Benskin J and Vinson S B 1973 Factors affecting juvenile hormone analogue activity in the tobacco budworm;J. Econ. Entomol. 66 15–20Google Scholar
  5. Benz G 1973 Reversal of spinning behaviour in last instar larvae ofPieris brassicae treated with juvenile hormone derivatives;Experientia 29 1437–1438CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bhatnagar-Thomas P L 1972 Laboratory evaluation of synthetic JH analogue for the control ofTrogoderma granarium Everts;Indian J. Entomol. 34 87–93Google Scholar
  7. Cawich A L, Crowder L A and Watson T F 1974 Effect of juvenile hormone mimic on the pink bollworm;J. Econ. Entomol. 67 173–176PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Chamberlain W F and Hopkins D E 1970 Morphological and physiological changes inBovicola limbata (Mallophaga; trichodectidae) reared on diet containing synthetic JH;Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 63 1363–1365Google Scholar
  9. Edwards J P and Rowlands D G 1977 Metabolism of a synthetic insect juvenile hormone (JH-I) during the development ofTribolium castaneum (Herbst);Pestic Biochem. Physiol. 7 194–201CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Gelbic I and Sehnal F 1973 Effects of juvenile hormone mimics on the codling mothCydia pomonella L. (Lepidoptera; Olethrentidae);Bull. Entomol. Res. 63 7–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hintz-Podufal C 1975 The morphogenetic effects of juvenile hormone and analogue compounds on the development to the adult stage of hawk moth and silk moth;Z. Angew. Eniomol. 77 286–291Google Scholar
  12. Ishaya I and Yablonski S 1976 Induction of prolonged larval feeding stage by JH analogue inTribolium castaneum;Phytoparasitica 4 9–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kramer S J, Wieten M and De Kort C A D 1977 Metabolism of juvenile hormone in the Colorado potato beetleLeptinotarsa decemlineata;Insect Biochem. 7 231- 236CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Metwally M M and Sehnal F 1973 Effects of juvenile hormone analogues on the metamorphosis of beetlesTrogoderma granarium andCaryedon gonagra;Biol. Bull. (Woods Hole Mass.)144 368–382CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Negishi T, Shimada S and Asano S 1976 Effect of insect growth regulators on the tobacco cutwormsSpodoptera litura Rectal prolapse;J. insect Physiol. 22 1523–1527CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Nijhout H F 1975 Dynamics of juvenile hormone action in larvae of the tobacco horn wormManduca sexta L;Biol. Bull 149 568–579CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Plantevin G 1975 A contribution to the biology ofGalleria mellonella, The action of JH and some mimics on the organism as a whole;Ann. ZooL Ecol. Anim. 7 441–467Google Scholar
  18. Retnakaran A 1973 Hormonal induction of supernumerary instars in the spruce bud wormChoristoneura fumiferana (Lepidoptera; Tortricidae);Can. Entomol. 105 459–461CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Riddiford L M 1970 Effect of juvenile hormone on the programming of post embryonic development in eggs of silk wormHyalophora cecropia;Dev. Biol. 22 249–263CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Riddiford L M 1972 Juvenile hormone in relation to the larval-pupal transformation of the Cecropia silk worm;Biol. Bull. 142 310–325CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Roussel J P 1975 Effect of the injection of syntheticHyalophora cecropia juvenile hormone intoLocusta migratoria;Arch. Int. Physiol. Biochem. 83 809–825CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Saxena K N and Williams C M 1966 Paper factor as an inhibitor of the metamorphosis of the red cotton bugDysdercus koenigii F;Nature (London) 210 441–442CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Sehnal F, Metwally M M and Gelbic I 1976 Reactions of immature stages of Noctuid moths to juvenoids;Z. Angew. Entomol. 81 85–102Google Scholar
  24. Slama K 1974 Physiological and biochemical effects of juvenoids; inInsect Hormones and Bioanalogues. (ed) K Slama, M Romanuk and F Sorm (New York: Springer Verlag Wien) pp. 90–302Google Scholar
  25. Slama K and Williams C M 1965 The juvenile hormone (v) The sensitivity of the bugPyrrhocoris apterus;Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. (Am.) 54 411–414CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Srivastava R C 1980Effect of juvenile hormone analogues on the biology and fecundity of certain stored grain insects; D. Phil. Thesis Allahabad University, AllahabadGoogle Scholar
  27. Srivastava U S and Gilbert L I 1969 The influence of juvenile hormone on the metamorphosis ofSarcophaga bullata;J. Insect Physiol. 15 177–189CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Srivastava U S and Prasad S S 1980 The effect of topical and oral administration of a juvenoid to last instar larva ofSpodoptera litura Fabr;J. Indian Acad. Sci. 89 359–370CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Srivastava U S and Prasad S S 1982 Sensitivity of the last and penultimate larval instars ofPapilio demoleus Linn. to a juvenoid;Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. India 52 234–245Google Scholar
  30. Srivastava U S and Srivastava R C 1974 Effect of a juvenile hormone analogue on certain aspects of the biology ofTrogoderma granarium Everts;Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. India,44 99–120Google Scholar
  31. Srivastava U S and Srivastava P 1981 Effect of administration of a juvenoid to the last instar larvae ofEarias fabia Stoll;Proc. Indian Natl. Sci. Acad. 47 799–810Google Scholar
  32. Srivastava U S and Srivastava R C 1982 The effect of age of treatment and dose of juvenoid on the nature of juvenoid-induced larval-pupal intermediate of certain stored grain insects;J. Entomol. Res. 6 25–36Google Scholar
  33. Srivastava U S, Srivastava R C, Prasad S S and Srivastava P 1979 Endocrinological adaptations in insects;Experientia 35 1301–1302CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Sunderamurthy V T 1976 Effects of insect growth regulators on growth and differentiation of the tobacco caterpillarSpodoptera litura Fabr. (Noctuidae: Lepidoptera);Phytoparasitica 4 19–24CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Tan K H 1975 Effects of a synthetic juvenile hormone and some analogues onEphestia sp. (Lepidoptera; Phycitidae);Ann. Appl. Biol. 80 137–146CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Wigglesworth V B 1969 Chemical structure and juvenile hormone activity, comparative tests ofRhodnius prolixus;J. Insect Physiol. 15 73–94CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • U S Srivastava
    • 1
  • R C Srivastava
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ZoologyAllahabad UniversityAllahabadIndia

Personalised recommendations