Advertisement

Il Nuovo Cimento D

, Volume 20, Issue 7–8, pp 1047–1054 | Cite as

Optical spectroscopy of semiconductor surfaces: From differential reflectivity to reflection anisotropy spectroscopy (personal and subjective notes)

  • V. I. Safarov
Article

Summary

An historical review of the development of optical spectroscopy of surface states in semiconductors is presented. The importance of symmetry considerations and of polarization properties is emphasized.

PACS 73.20

Surface and interface electron states 

PACS 78.66

Optical properties of specific thin films, surfaces, low-dimensional structures: superlattices, quantum well structures, multilayers, microparticles 

PACS 01.30.Ee

Monographs and collections 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. [1]
    Chiarotti G., Nannarone S., Pastore R. andChiaeadia P.,Phys. Rev. B,4 (1971) 3398.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  2. [2]
    Yu P. andCardona M.,Fundamentals of Semiconductors (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg) 1996.MATHGoogle Scholar
  3. [3]
    FROVA A. andHandler P.,Physics of Semiconductors, edited byM. Hulin (Dunod, Paris) 1964;Seraphin B. O. and Hess R. B.,Phys. Rev. Lett.,14 (1965) 138.Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    Hermann C., Lampel G. andSafarov V. I.,Ann. Phys. (Paris),10 (1985) 1117;Modern Problems in Condensed Matter Science, in8 Optical Orientation, edited byF. Meier and B. P. Zakharchenia (North Holland, Amsterdam) 1986.ADSGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    Born M. andWolf E.,Principles of Optics (Pergamon Press, Oxford) 1970.Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    Gospel of St. John. Chapt. 1 (New International Version, Holder and Stoughton, London, Sydney, Auckland, Toronto) 1978.Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    Chiaradia P., Cricenti A., Selci S. andChiarotti G.,Phys. Rev. Lett.,52 (1984) 1145.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    Olmstead M. A. andAmer N. M.,Phys. Rev. Lett.,52 (1984) 1148.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  9. [9]
    Berkovits V. L., Kiselev V. A. andSafarov V. I.,Surf. Sci.,211/212 (1989) 489.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. [10]
    Aspnes D. E., Harbison J. P., Studna A. A. andFlorez L. T.,Phys. Rev. Lett.,59 (1987) 1687.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  11. [11]
    Aspnes D.E., Colas E., Studna A. A., Bhat R., Koza M. A. andKiramidas V. G.,Phys. Rev. Lett.,61 (1988) 2782.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  12. [12]
    Berkovits V. L., Gusev A. O., Lantratov V. M., L ′Vova T. V., Pushnyi A. B., Ulin V. P. andPaget D.,Phys. Rev. B,54 (1996) 8369.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  13. [13]
    Berkovits V. L. andPaget D.,Appl. Phys. Lett.,61 (1992) 1835;Paget D., Bonnet J. E., Berkovits V. L., Chiaradia P. and Avila J.,Phys. Rev. B,53 (1996) 4604;Paget D., Gusev A. O. and Berkovits V. L.,Phys. Rev. B,53 (1996) 4615.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  14. [14]
    Springer C., Resch-Esser U., Goletti C., Richter W. andFimland B. O.,Surf. Sci.,377-379 (1997) 404.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  15. [15]
    Sobiesierski Z., Istwood D. I., PaRbrook P. J., Ozanyan K.-B., Hopkins M. andWhithouse C. R.,Appl. Phys. Lett.,70 (1997) 1423.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  16. [16]
    Gusev A. O., Paget D., Aristov V. Yu., Soukiassian P., Berkovits V. L. andThierry-Mieg V.,J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A,15 (1997) 192;Kierren B. and Paget B.,J. Vac. Sci. Technol. A,15 (1997) 2074.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  17. [17]
    Wolf D. A., Rose K. C., Rumberg J., Westwood D. I., Reihardt F., Morris S. J., Richter W. andWilliams R. H.,Phys. Rev. B,51 (1995) 4691.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  18. [18]
    Glembocki O. J. andProkes S. M.,Appl. Phys. Lett.,71 (1997) 2355.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  19. [19]
    Kamiya I., Aspnes D. E., Florez L. T. andHarbison J. P.,Phys. Rev. B,46 (1992) 15894.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  20. [20]
    Resch-Esser U., Esser N., Springer C., Zegenhagen J., Richter W., Cardona M. andFimland B. O.,J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B,13 (1995) 1672.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. [21]
    DelSole R.,Reflectance Spectroscopy-Theory, inPhotonic Probes of Surfaces, edited by P. Halevi (Elsevier) 1995.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Società Italiana di Fisica 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. I. Safarov
    • 1
  1. 1.A. F. Ioffe Physico-Technical InstituteSt. PetersburgRussia

Personalised recommendations