Voltammetric studies on free radicals of lower fatty alcohols
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In this work, both generation and reduction processes of the α-radicals of lower fatty alcohols were studied by voltammetry in lower fatty alcohols/peroxydisulfate/phosphate buffer system. Experimental results showed that such three reactions were successively completed at negative potential on mercury electrode surface: (i) sulfate radical anion SO 4 ⊸ was generated electrochemically from one-electron reduction of peroxydisulfate ion S2O 8 2− , (ii) the SO 4 ⊸ oxidized lower fatty alcohols to the corresponding α-radicals and (iii) the α-radicals were reduced in one-electron and one-proton addition to produce their own reduction waves. The apparent free energy ΔrGm of the α-radicals of lower straight-chain fatty alcohols such as methanol, ethanol, propanol, butanol and pentanol obtained were 107.09, 116.74, 122.53, 126.39 and 129.28 kJ · mol/L, respectively. The proposed method is more simple and convenient than the current approaches based on the radical-chain reaction for studying alcohol oxidation.
Keywordslower fatty alcohols alcohol α-radical peroxydisulfate sulfate radical anion voltammetry
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