Raumforschung und Raumordnung

, Volume 64, Issue 1, pp 28–40 | Cite as

The Industrial Cluster Plan of the Japanese government and the realities of regional economies in Japan

  • Kenji Yamamoto
Wissenschaftliche Beiträge


The purpose of this paper is to introduce a new policy of the Japanese government for the resurgence of regional economies at the beginning of the 21st century and to reexamine its theory and realities. This new policy is the “Industrial Cluster Plan”. The advocators of this plan consider it possible to set up a region artificially. A region cannot, however, be created in such a way, but is a historical construct. Accumulated social capital is important for the recognition of a region. The social capital is decisive for collaborative undertakings among entrepreneurs. This is exemplified by the case of the area along Chuo Freeway, where we can recognize several regions.


Social Capital Tacit Knowledge Regional Economy Electronic Equipment Japanese Government 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Der Industrie-Cluster-Plan der japanischen Regierung und die Realitäten der regionalen Ökonomien Japans


Dieser Beitrag stellt eine neue Politik der japanischen Regierung vor, die auf eine Belebung der regionalen Ökonomien zu Beginn des 21. Jahrhunderts abzielt: den so genannten „Industrial Cluster Plan”. Er nimmt dessen Theorie und Realität unter die Lupe. Die Befürworter dieses Plans vertreten die Ansicht, dass eine Region auch künstlich geschaffen werden kann. So kann jedoch keine Region entstehen; eine Region ist vielmehr ein historisch gewachsenes Gefüge und das angesammelte Sozialkapital spielt eine wichtige Rolle für ihre Wiedererkennung als Region. Auch für die Zusammenarbeit zwischen Unternehmen ist das Sozialkapital entscheidend. Dies wird anhand des Gebiets entlang des Chuo Freeways verdeutlicht, wo sich mehrere Regionen ausmachen lassen.


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Copyright information

© Akademie für Raumforschung und Landesplanung (ARL) und Bundesamt für Bauwesen und Raumordnung (BBR) 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kenji Yamamoto
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of EconomicsHosei University, TokyoMachida, TokyoJapan

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