Journal of Visualization

, Volume 12, Issue 2, pp 131–138 | Cite as

Segmentation of CT brain images using unsupervised clusterings

  • Tong Hau Lee
  • Mohammad Faizal Ahmad Fauzi
  • Ryoichi Komiya
Regular Paper


In this paper, we present non-identical unsupervised clustering techniques for the segmentation of CT brain images. Prior to segmentation, we enhance the visualization of the original image. Generally, for the presence of abnormal regions in the brain images, we partition them into 3 segments, which are the abnormal regions itself, the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and the brain matter. However, for the absence of abnormal regions in the brain images, the final segmented regions will consist of CSF and brain matter only. Therefore, our system is divided into two stages of clustering. The initial clustering technique is for the detection of the abnormal regions. The later clustering technique is for the segmentation of the CSF and brain matter. The system has been tested with a number of real CT head images and has achieved satisfactory results.


Medical images Visualization enhancement Image segmentation Computed tomography Unsupervised clustering 


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Copyright information

© The Visualization Society of Japan 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tong Hau Lee
    • 1
  • Mohammad Faizal Ahmad Fauzi
    • 2
  • Ryoichi Komiya
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of Information TechnologyMultimedia UniversityCyberjaya
  2. 2.Faculty of EngineeringMultimedia UniversityCyberjayaSelangorMalaysia

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