Advertisement

Proceedings: Animal Sciences

, Volume 96, Issue 5, pp 619–628 | Cite as

Recent trends in the biosystematics of Entognathous Apterygota with special reference to Collembola

  • N R Prabhoo
Article

Abstract

In recent years increasing number of studies have been undertaken involving modern techniques like DNA hybridization, analysis of enzymic and chromosomal polymorphism in conspecific populations, ecophysiology and behaviour in individual species etc with far reaching implications in the systematics of Entognathous Apterygota, particularly the Collembola. Both scanning and transmission electron microscopes have been used extensively for the study of surface structure, sense organs, spermatozoa and gut providing considerable insight into phylogenetic relationship of higher taxa as well as interrelationships at the generic and lower taxonomic levels.

Keywords

Insect biosystematics Collembola Protura Diplura 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Avise J C 1974 Systematic value of electrophoretic data;Syst. Zool. 23 465–481CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Ayala F J 1975 Genetic differentiation during speciation process;Evol. Biol. 8 1–78Google Scholar
  3. Ayala F J 1983 Enzymes as taxonomic characters; inProtein polymorphism; adaptive and taxonomic significance (eds) G S Oxford and R Collinson (London, New York: Academic Press) p 198Google Scholar
  4. Baccetti B 1979 Ultrastructure of sperm and its bearing on arthropod phylogeny; inArthropod Phylogeny; (ed.) A P Gupta (New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company) pp 609–644Google Scholar
  5. Bedini C and Tongiorgi P 1971 The fine structure of the psuedoculus of Acerentomidae Protura (Insecta: Apterygota);Monit. Zool. Ital. 5 25–38Google Scholar
  6. Betsch J M 1974 Contribution a l’etude de la reproduction chez les Bouletiellinae (Collemboles: Symphypleones);Pedobiologia 14 179–181Google Scholar
  7. Betsch J M 1980 Elements pour une monographie des Collemboles Symphypleones (Hexapoda: Apterygota);Mem. Mus. Natn. Hist. Nat. Ser. A. Zool. 116 1–227Google Scholar
  8. Bretfeld G 1971 Das Paarugnsverhalten europischen Bourletiellini (Collembola: Sminthuridae) und daraus abgeleitete taxonomische Folgerungen;Z. Zool. Syst. Evolutions forsch. 8 259–273Google Scholar
  9. Bretfeld G 1973Heterosminthurus bilineatus (Collembola) Balz und Spermaubertragung;Encyclopaedia Cinematographica Gottingen E 2015/1973 p 10Google Scholar
  10. Bretfeld G 1976aHeterosminthurus insignis (Collembola) Balz und Spermaubertragung;Encyclopaedia Cinematographica Gottingen E 2248/1976 p 8Google Scholar
  11. Bretfeld G 1976bHeterosminthurus chaetocephalus (Collembola) Balz und Spermaubertragung;Encyclopaedia Cinematographica Gottingen E 2252/1976 p 10Google Scholar
  12. Britten R J and Davidson E 1985Nucleic acid hybridization—a practical approach (IRL Press)Google Scholar
  13. Cassagnau P 1961Ecologie du sol dans les Pyrene Centrales; Actualitie Scientific et industrielles 1283 (Cahiers de geobiologie et d’ecologie. Problems d’ecologie) (Paris: Hermann) p 235Google Scholar
  14. Cassagnau P 1968a Sur lar structur des chromosome salaivaries deBiolobella massoudi Cassagnau (Collembola: Neanuridae);Chromosoma 24 42–58CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Cassagnau P 1968b L’evolution des pieces buccales et la polytenie chez les Collemboles;C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris Ser. D 267 106–109Google Scholar
  16. Cassagnau P 1974 Les chromosomes polytene deNeanura monticola Cassagnau (Collembola) I. Polymorphisme ecologique du Chromosome X;Chromosoma 24 42–48CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Cassagnau P 1976 La variabilitete des chromosomes polytenes chezBilobella aurantiaca (Collembola. Neanuridae) et ses rapports avec la biogeographie et l’ecologie de l’espece;Arch. Zool. Exp. Gen. 117 511–572Google Scholar
  18. Cassagnau P, Deharveng L and Peja N 1985 La differentiation des caryotypes polytene dans la genreBilobella (Collembola: Neanurinae);Genet. Sol. Evol. 17 1–24CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Christiansen K 1964 Bionomics of Collembola;Annu. Rev. Entomol. 9 147–178CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Dalens H 1976 Variations de structure des chromosomes polytenes courts au sein deux populationsBilobella aurantiaca Caroli (Collembola);C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris 282 1817–1820Google Scholar
  21. Dalens H 1977 Structure chromosomique et polymorphisme chez lesBilobella aurantiaca (Collembola) de la Cerdongne francaise;C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris 284 1811–1913Google Scholar
  22. Dalens H 1979 Etude de surcharge en heterochromatique et diversification du type chromosomique aragonais chez le Collembole NeanuridaeBilobella aurantiaca Caroli;C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris 288 883–885Google Scholar
  23. Dallai R 1969 The spermatozoon of Arthropoda XI Further observations on Collembola; inComparative Spermatology. Proceedings of the Ist International Symposium (ed.) B Baccetti (Rome: Academia Nationale Dei Lincei) Quaderno 137, pp 275–279Google Scholar
  24. Dallai R 1971 First data on the ultrastructure of postantennal organs of Collembola;Rev. Ecol. Biol. Sol. 8 11–29Google Scholar
  25. Dallai R 1976 Fine structure of the pyloric region and Malpighian papillae of Protura (Insecta: Apterygota);Annuar Ist Mus. Zool. Univ. Napoli 17 1–18Google Scholar
  26. Dallai R 1977 Consideration on the cuticle of Collembola;Rev. Ecol. Biol. Sol. 14 117–124Google Scholar
  27. Dallai R 1979 Polytene chromosomes of someBilobella aurantiaca (Collembola) Italian populations;Boll. Zool. 46 231–249Google Scholar
  28. Dallai R and Burroni D 1982 Fine structure of the pyloric region and Malpighian papillae of Diplura;Mem. Soc. Entomol. Ital. Genova 60 125–135Google Scholar
  29. Dallai R and Callani G 1979 Comparative analysis of the Collembola pyloric region (Insecta: Apterygota);Monit. Zool. Ital. 13 45–66Google Scholar
  30. Dallai R, Sbordoni V and Cobolli Sbordoni M and De Mathaeis E 1983 Chromosome and enzyme diversity in some species of Neanuridae (Collembola);Pedobiologia 25 301–311Google Scholar
  31. Deharveng L 1982 Contribution a l’etude desDeutonura grupephlegrea (Collembola: Neanuridae);Trav. Lab. Ecobiol. Arthr. Edaph. Toulouse 3 1–20Google Scholar
  32. Deharveng L and Lee B H 1984 Polytene chromosomal variability ofBilobella aurantiaca (Collembola) from Sainte Baume population (France);Caryologia 37 51–67Google Scholar
  33. Doring D 1986 On the male reproduction biology ofOrchesella cincta (Collembola: Entomobryidae); inProceedings of the 2nd International Seminar on Apterygota (ed.) R Dallai (Italy: Siena University) pp 171–176Google Scholar
  34. Fanciulli P P, Dallai R and Petrucci R 1986a Enzymic polymorphism in geographically isolated populations ofThaumanura ruffoi; inProceedings of the 2nd International Seminar on Apterygota (ed.) R Dallai (Italy: Siena University) pp 199–202Google Scholar
  35. Fanciulli P P, Dallai R and Petrucci R 1986b Chromosomal and isozymic analysis in three populations ofLathriopyga longiseta; inProceedings of the 2nd International Seminar on Apterygota (ed.) R Dallai (Italy: Siena University) pp 203–210Google Scholar
  36. Fodde R, Petrucci R, Fanciulli P P, Bernini L and Dallai R 1986 Crosshybridisation of human cDNA with genomic DNA fromThaumanura ruffoi; inProceedings of the 2nd International Seminar on Apterygota (ed.) R Dallai (Italy: Siena University) pp 193–196Google Scholar
  37. Gisin H 1943 Oekologie und Lebensgemeinschaften der Collembolen in Scheweizerischen Exkursiongebeit;Rev. Suisse Zool. 4 131–224Google Scholar
  38. Gottlieb L D 1971 Gel electrophoresis; New approach to the study of Evolution;BioScience 21 939–944CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Helm-Bychowski K M and Wilson A C 1986 Rate of nuclear DNA evolution in phaesant like birds: evidence from restriction maps;Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 83 688–692CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  40. Henning W 1966Phylogenetic Systematics (Urbana: University of Illinois Press)Google Scholar
  41. Howley P M, Israel M A, Law M F and Martin M A 1979 A rapid method for detecting and mapping homology between heterologous DNAs;J. Biol. Chem. 254 4876–4883PubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. Kluge A G and Farris J S 1969 Quantitative phyletics and evolution of Anurans;Syst. Zool. 18 1–32CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Kristensen V P 1975 The phylogeny of hexapod orders. A critical review of recent accounts;Z. zool. Syst. Evolut. forsch. 13 1–44Google Scholar
  44. Lawrence P W 1975 The formation of ornamentation in Collembolan cuticle;Rev. Ecol. Biol. Sol. 12 473–475Google Scholar
  45. Lawrence P W and Massoud Z 1973 Cuticular structures in Collembola;Rev. Ecol. Biol. Sol. 10 77–101Google Scholar
  46. Lee B H 1985a Comparative morphology and cytology of salivary glands in neanurid Collembola;Korean J. Genet. 7 177–183Google Scholar
  47. Lee B H 1985b Cladistic analysis of Neanuridae (Collembola) using character weighted and character unweighted approach;Korean J. Syst. Zool. 1 3–20Google Scholar
  48. Lubbock J 1862 Notes on the thysanura, Pt. I Smynthuridae;Trans. Linn. Soc. London 23 429–448CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Massoud Z 1969 Etude d’l’ornamentation epicuticulaire du tegument des Collemboles au microscope electronique a balyage;C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris 268 1407–1409Google Scholar
  50. Nei M 1972 Genetic distance between populations;Am. Nat. 106 283–292CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Poinsot N 1971 Contribution a l’etude du comportmont constructeur chez les Collemboles;Rev. Ecol. Biol. Sol. 8 163–165Google Scholar
  52. Poinsot-Balaguer and Barra J 1982 Revision systematique du genreFolsomides et rapport de l’ecophysiologique a la taxonomie de certaine espece du genre (Insecte: Collemboles) 2ne Note;Rev. Ecol. Biol. Sol. 19 259–278Google Scholar
  53. Prabhoo N R 1961 A note on the giant chromosomes ofWomersleya sp (Collembola: Insecta);Bull. Entomol. 2 21–22Google Scholar
  54. Prabhoo N R 1967 Microgeographic variations in Collembola;Bull. Natl. Inst. Sci. India 34 225–231Google Scholar
  55. Prabhoo N R 1970Oudemansia subcoelurea Denis—the first record of a marine Collembola (Insecta) from India;Curr. Sci. 39 490–491Google Scholar
  56. Prabhoo N R 1971a Soil and litter Collembola of South India. I-Arthropleona;Orient. Insects 5 1–46Google Scholar
  57. Prabhoo N R 1971b Soil and litter Collembola of South India. II-Syphypleona;Orient. Insects 5 243–262Google Scholar
  58. Prabhoo N R 1971c Bark and moss inhabiting Collembola of South India;Bull. Entomol. 12 41–47Google Scholar
  59. Prabhoo N R 1976 Morphological variations in the local populations of the soil CollembolaProisotoma (Clavisotoma) fitchioides (Denis 1947) (Insecta) in Kerala;Entomon 1 67–70Google Scholar
  60. Schaeffer B, Hecht M K and Eldridge N 1972 Phylogeny and Palaeontology;Evol. Biol. 6 34–46Google Scholar
  61. Schaller F 1971 Indirect sperm transfer by soil arthropods;Annu. Rev. Entomol. 16 407–446CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Sibley C G and Ahlquist J E 1986 Reconstructing bird phylogeny by comparing DNAs;Sci. Am. 254 68–78CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Southern E M 1975 Detection of specific sequences among DNA fragments separated by gel electrophoresis;J. Mol. Biol. 98 503–517CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  64. Thibaud J M and Vannier G 1986 Caracterisations biologiques et ecophysiologiques des insectes Collemboles cavernicoles; inProceedings of the 2nd International Seminar on Apterygota (ed.) R Dallai (Italy: Siena University) pp 129–137Google Scholar
  65. Tuxen S L 1972 Filogenesi degli alterigoti. Atti IX Congr. Naz. Ital. Ent. Siena pp 193–205Google Scholar
  66. Wiley E O 1981Phylogenetics (John Wiley and Sons)Google Scholar
  67. Yin W-Y, Sue L and Tang B 1986 A comparative study of pseudoculus of Protura; inProceedings of the 2nd International Seminar on Aperygota (ed.) R Dallai (Italy: Siena University) pp 249–256Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • N R Prabhoo
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of ZoologyUniversity of KeralaTrivandrumIndia

Personalised recommendations