RETRACTED ARTICLE: Self-Diagnosis of GFRP composites containing carbon powder and fiber as electrically conductive phases
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The electrical characteristics of glass fiber reinforced plastic (GFRP) composites have been investigated in order to incorporate a self-diagnosis function suitable for monitoring the health of structural materials. The electrical conductivity was introduced by adding carbon powder (CP) or carbon fibers (CF) into GFRP rods and sheets. The self-diagnosis ability of the composites was evaluated by measuring the change in electrical resistance as a function of stress (or strain) in tensile tests. The resistance of CFGFRP changed only slightly at small strain levels and increased nonlinearly with the applied stress due to cutting of the fibers at higher levels. CPGFRP showed high sensitivity to stress and the resistance changed linearly over a wide strain range. During cyclic loading tests, a residual resistance was also observed in CPGFRP composites after unloading. The residual resistance increased with maximum applied strain, showing that it can be used as an indicator of previously applied strain or stress. It is concluded that the CPGFRP composite is a promising material for simple diagnosis of dynamic damage and cumulative strain.
Keywordsself-diagnosis CPGFRP composites electrical resistance smart materials carbon powder percolation structure
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