Half-value layer measurement: simple process method using radiochromic film

  • T. Gotanda
  • T. Katsuda
  • R. Gotanda
  • A. Tabuchi
  • K. Yamamoto
  • T. Kuwano
  • H. Yatake
  • K. Kashiyama
  • Y. Takeda
Scientific Papers


Although the half-value layer (HVL) is one of the important parameters for QA and QC, constant monitoring has not been performed because the measurements using an ionization chamber (IC) are time-consuming and complicated. To solve these problems, the use of radiochromic film (GAFCHROMIC XR TYPE R: GAF-R) with step-shaped aluminum (Al) filters, referred to herein as the simple process method, has been developed. The measurement X-ray tube voltages were 120 kV, 100 kV, and 80 kV. The Al filter area, the full exposure area, and the unexposed area were set on the GAF-R so as to obtain correct data. The HVL was evaluated using the density attenuation ratio. The HVLs obtained using the GAFR and an IC dosimeter were compared. HVLs with X-ray tube voltages of 120 kV, 100 kV, and 80 kV using the GAF-R were 4.10 mm, 3.55 mm and 2.97 mm, respectively. The difference ratios of the HVLs using the GAF-R and the IC were 1.2%, 7.6%, and 10.0%, respectively. The HVL at 120 kV can be routinely and quickly measured using the simple process method. Therefore, an IC dosimeter is not needed for HVL measurements for QA and QC. However, the HVL measurements of low energy (100 kV and 80 kV) need attention.

Key words

half-value layer radiochromic film effective energy quality assurance quality control 


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Copyright information

© Australasian College of Physical Scientists and Engineers in Medicine 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Gotanda
    • 1
    • 2
  • T. Katsuda
    • 3
  • R. Gotanda
    • 1
  • A. Tabuchi
    • 1
    • 4
  • K. Yamamoto
    • 1
    • 5
  • T. Kuwano
    • 1
    • 6
  • H. Yatake
    • 1
    • 7
  • K. Kashiyama
    • 1
    • 8
  • Y. Takeda
    • 1
  1. 1.Graduate School of Health SciencesOkayama UniversityOkayama-city, OkayamaJapan
  2. 2.Department of RadiologyOishi HospitalHiroshimaJapan
  3. 3.Faculty of Health Care SciencesHimeji Dokkyo UniversityHimejiJapan
  4. 4.Kawasaki Medical School Kawasaki HospitalOkayamaJapan
  5. 5.Department of RadiologyOsaka Cancer Prevention and Detection CenterOsakaJapan
  6. 6.Department of Diagnostic RadiologyOsaka Medical Center for Cancer and Cardiovascular DiseasesOsakaJapan
  7. 7.Department of RadiologyKaizuka City HospitalOsakaJapan
  8. 8.Department of Diagnostic RadiologyOsaka General CenterOsakaJapan

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