Advertisement

Imaginary play companions: Characteristics and functions

  • V. Kalyan-Masih
Article

Summary

This paper investigates some variables associated with the phenomenon of young children playing with imaginary play companions (IPC). The intelligence of a group of children with IPCs; the characteristics of the IPC itself; parental socio-economic and educational background, family size and birth order are compared with a group of children without IPCs.

Examples are given and the author concludes that all preschool children engage in make-believe or symbolic play of one kind or another. With increasing cognitive competency, language development and socialization, the child finds other means of dealing and coping with reality and the imaginary play companion is no longer needed. It is suggested that the phenomenon of IPCs should be encouraged rather than ignored or discouraged if symbolic play is essential for cognitive, social and emotional development of preschool children.

Keywords

Preschool Child Cognitive Style Pretend Play Cognitive Competency Symbolic Play 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Brooks, M., & Knowles, D. (1982). Parents’ view of children’s imaginary companions.Child Welfare, 61, 25–33.Google Scholar
  2. Kagan, J. (1965). Reflectivity-impulsivity and reading ability in primary grade children.Child Development, 36,609–628.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Kalyan-Masih, V. (1976).The intelligence and creativity of children with imaginary play companions. Paper presented at the 7th Annual Symposium of Jean Piaget Society, Philadelphia, June, 1976. [Also in,The Jean Piaget Society Newsletter, July, 1976. (b) (Abstract)]Google Scholar
  4. Kalyan-Masih, V. (1977).Imaginary play companions of children. Paper presented at the 7th Annual International Interdisciplinary UAP-USC Conference on Piagetian Theory and the Helping Professions, Los Angeles, California, January, 1977.Google Scholar
  5. Kalyan-Masih, V. (1978a). Imaginary play companions of children. In R. Weizman, R. Brown, P. Levinson, & P. Taylor (Eds.),Piagetian theory and the helping professions. Los Angeles: University of Southern California Press.Google Scholar
  6. Kalyan-Masih, V. (1978b).Imaginary play companions of young children: Their characteristics, function and purpose. Paper presented at the Midwest Association for the Education of Young Children, Dearborn, Michigan, March, 1978.Google Scholar
  7. Kalyan-Masih, V. (1978c). Imaginary play companions.Offspring: The Cooperative Nursery Magazine, 20:2–6.Google Scholar
  8. Kalyan-Masih, V. (1981).Imaginary play companions of children: A follow-up. Paper presented at the 6th Biennial Meeting of International Society for the Study of Behavioural Development, Toronto, Canada, August, 1981.Google Scholar
  9. Kalyan-Masih, V. (1984).Young children and their imaginary play companions. Paper presented at the 23rd International Congress of Psychology, Acapulco, Mexico, September, 1984. [Also inInternational Union of Psychological Science Abstracts, 2:92 (Abstract).]Google Scholar
  10. Kalyan-Masih, V. & Adams, J. (1975).Imaginary play companions: Annotated abstract bibliography. ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED113 034.Google Scholar
  11. Kalyan-Masih, V., Kastl, R., & Tomes, R. (1976a). Children’s imaginary playmates.Farm, Ranch and Home Quarterly, 22:5–6.Google Scholar
  12. Kalyan-Masih, V., Kastl, R., & Tomes, R. (1976c).Imaginary play companions of preschool children. Paper presented at the American Home Economics Association, Minneapolis, June, 1976.Google Scholar
  13. Manosevitz, M., Fling, S., & Prentics, N. (1978). Imaginary play companions in young children: Relationships with intelligence, creativity, and waiting ability.Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 18:73–78.Google Scholar
  14. Piaget, J. (1962).Play, dreams and imitation in childhood. New York: Norton.Google Scholar
  15. Rucker, N.G. (1981). Capacities for integration, Oedipal ambivalence, and imaginary companions.American Journal of Psychoanalysis, 41:129–139.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Witkin, H.A., Dyk, R.B., Patterson, H.F., Goodenough D.R., & Karp, S.A. (1962).Psychological differentiation. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. Kalyan-Masih
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Nebraska at LincolnLincoln

Personalised recommendations