Isolation and identification of a strain ofLeptospirillum ferriphilum from an extreme acid mine drainage site
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Based on a new selective isolation strategy that mimicked physiological characteristics of leptospirilla, such as pH, temperature and its less sensitivity to the high ferric-ferrous iron ratio, a bacterial strain, called strain YSK, was isolated from an extreme acid mine drainage (AMD) site. Cells were Gram-negative, small curved rods measuring 0.27–0.52 by 0.81–3.17 μm. The cell shape suggested that strain YSK was likely a strain ofLeptospirillum ferrooxidans. However, based on the 16S rDNA sequence analysis, strain YSK possessed 100% sequence similarity with that of the typicalLeptospirillum ferriphilum strain Fairview; furthermore, the G+C content, the size of the 16S–23S rRNA gene spacer regions and the ability to grow at 45°C further indicated that strain YSK belonged to the speciesLeptospirillum ferriphilum.
Key wordsLeptospirillum ferriphilum strain YSK selective isolation strategy 16S rDNA sequence G+C content 16S–23S rRNA gene spacer regions
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