Further validation of the Constructivist Learning Environment Survey: Its use in the elementary science methods course

  • John R. Cannon


This study was undertaken to validate the practicality of using the Constructivist Learning Environment Survey (Perceived Form) (CLES) in a preservice elementary science methods course. The methods course was based upon constructivist epistemology and fostered various constructivist teaching and learning strategies. The CLES was used to measure students' perceptions at the end of the methods course (n=43). Results revealed a constructivist learning environment did exist in the course (74.28% of model response). Suggestions are made to potentially revise the CLES for more accurate measures in college classrooms. Major teaching strategies, tasks, and projects of the course are included with sample items from the CLES.


Science Teaching Teacher Education Preservice Teacher Science Teacher Pedagogical Content Knowledge 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • John R. Cannon
    • 1
  1. 1.University of NevadaReno

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