Anthraquinone series

Part II. Halogenated aminoanthraquinones and indanthrones
  • S. G. Bedekar
  • B. D. Tilak
  • K. Venkataraman


Attempts to determine the orientation of the chlorine atoms in some of the commercial chlorinated indanthrones and in the dichloroindanthrones prepared by the action of antimony pentachloride and sulphuryl chloride on indanthrone and by the action of hydrochloric acid on anthraquinoneazine are described. The higher reactivity of the chlorine atoms in the direct chlorinated indanthrones suggests α-orientation. The dichloro-indanthrone (IIA) from antimony pentachloride is distinguished from the other chloroindanthrones obtained by direct chlorination by its greater resistance to azine formation on treatment with oxidising agents. The 4∶4′-orientation is, therefore, suggested for the chlorine atoms in (IIA), and substitution in the 5, 8, 5′, 8′ positions in the other direct chlorinated indanthrones. Antimony pentachloride was found to be specific in introducing two chlorine atoms in indanthrone. 4∶4′-Di-p-toluenesulphonamido-indanthrone (LV) has been synthesised.

2∶4-Dichloro-1-aminoanthraquinone has been prepared by an improved method and its utility as a dyestuff intermediate has been studied. A few other halogenated aminoanthraquinones and their acyl dervatives which do not appear to have been described in literature have been synthesised.


Nitrobenzene Anthraquinone Chlorine Atom Concentrate Sulphuric Acid Anhydrous Sodium Acetate 
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Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 1948

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. G. Bedekar
    • 1
  • B. D. Tilak
    • 1
  • K. Venkataraman
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Chemical TechnologyUniversity of BombayBombayIndia

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