Application of temporal subtraction for detection of interval changes on chest radiographs: Improvement of subtraction images using automated initial image matching
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The authors developed a temporal subtraction scheme based on a nonlinear geometric warping technique to assist radiologists in the detection of interval changes in chest radiographs obtained on different occasions. The performance of the current temporal subtraction scheme is reasonably good; however, severe misregistration can occur in some cases. The authors evaluated the quality of 100 chest temporal subtraction images selected from their clinical image database. Severe misregistration was mainly attributable to initial incorrect global matching. Therefore, they attempted to improve the quality of the subtraction images by applying a new initial image matching technique to determine the global shift value between the current and the previous chest images. A cross-correlation method was employed for the initial image matching by use of blurred low-resolution chest images. Nineteen cases (40.4%) among 47 poor registered subtraction images were improved. These results show that the new initial image matching technique is very effective for improving the quality of chest temporal subtraction images, which can greatly enhance subtle changes in chest radiographs.
Key Wordscomputer-aided diagnosis digital image subtraction image matching interval change chest radiograph
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