Endovascular aneurysm repair in a patient with a horseshoe kidney and impaired renal function

Grand Round



We present the case of an 80-year-old female with a three-week history of lower backache and a pulsatile mass in her epigastrium.


Using CT angiogram, the presence of an infra-renal abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) and co-existent horseshoe kidney was confirmed.


Due to associated multiple co-morbidities of hypertension, moderate renal failure, COPD and morbid obesity she underwent endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR).


The presence of a horseshoe kidney (HSK) poses significant difficulty during open repair of an AAA, as satisfactory anatomical exposure of the aorta may prove potentially hazardous. This problem may be circumvented in suitable cases by endovascular repair, although treatment is not risk free. EVAR is usually only recommended if renal function is normal. We report a case of AAA coexistent with an HSK and moderate renal impairment, which was treated successfully using an EVAR technique, and with no subsequent renal complication.


Renal Artery Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Endovascular Repair Moderate Renal Impairment 


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Copyright information

© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. S. Sajid
    • 2
  • N. Ahmed
    • 2
  • J. Tibbals
    • 1
  • G. Hamilton
    • 2
  1. 1.Dept of Vascular Surgery & RadiologyRoyal Free HospitalLondonUK
  2. 2.Royal Free HospitalHampstead, London

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