Membrane-peptide interaction studied by PELDOR and CW ESR: Peptide conformations and cholesterol effect on the spatial peptide distribution in the membrane
Pulsed electron-electron double resonance (PELDOR) combined with continuous-wave electron paramagnetic resonance was used to study inter- and intramolecular dipole-dipole interactions between spin labels for spin-labeled analogs of trichogin GA IV bound to multilamellar membranes of egg L-α-phosphatidylcholine (ePC) and in ePC membranes containing cholesterol. All samples were frozen to 77 K. For mono-labeled peptide concentrations in lipid over the range between 0.5 to 2.2 mol%, it is shown that in these membranes trichogin molecules are distributed homogeneously and are likely to be located on or near the inner and outer membrane surfaces. Addition of cholesterol to a final concentration of 16.5 mol% leads to an increase of the local concentration of trichogin molecules in the membranes. For the double-labeled trichogin, a distribution of the intramolecular distance between the two spin labels was observed. The distribution function is characterized by two main maxima located at distances of 1.3 and 1.8 nm. The distance of 1.3 nm is close to that expected for the α-helix structure of the peptide chain. The distance of 1.8 nm corresponds to a mixed structure in which a 310-helix is combined with a set of even more elongated conformations.
KeywordsSpin Label Distance Distribution Function Outer Membrane Surface DPPC Membrane PELDOR Signal
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