Applied Magnetic Resonance

, 3:1045 | Cite as

Hydration and protein dynamics: an ESR and ST-ESR spin labelling study of human serum albumin

  • P. Marzola
  • S. Cannistraro


Human serum albumin has been studied at low hydration level by the ESR spin labelling technique, under the assumption that a covalently bound spin-label is a reporter of the protein internal dynamics. At room temperature, the presence of a double component signal allowed us to monitor the influence of increasing hydration level on internal protein dynamics as well as on the superficial water dynamics. The ESR results have shown that the first 20 g of water per 100 g of protein activate the internal protein dynamics and that superficial water dynamics starts at higher hydration values. ESR experiments at low temperature have shown that at −160°C ≲T≲−80°C, the label experiences an increasing environmental polarity with increasing temperature in the samples with hydration values higher than about 20 g of water per 100 g of protein. The results are discussed in connection with both conformational substates of the protein and hydration water dynamics.


Human Serum Albumin Spin Label Rotational Correlation Time Hydration Level Conformational Substate 
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Copyright information

© Springer 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Marzola
    • 1
    • 2
  • S. Cannistraro
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Scienze AmbientaliUniversità della TusciaViterboItaly
  2. 2.Unità INFM-CNRDipartimento di Fisica dell’Università di PerugiaItaly

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