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Two tones: The core of inequality in kindergarten?

  • Charlotte Palludan
Articles

Summary

This article examines now kindergarten-children are differentiated and segregated through vocal practices and processes. The analysis is based on empirical data, which originate from a long ethnographic fieldwork in Denmark. The author presents two different language tones: ateaching tone and an exchangetone and shows a pattern in the ways the two tones are performed. While the teaching tone is heard in the interaction between the staff and the ethnic minority children, the ethnic majority children (the Danes) are addressed in the exchange tone. Pierre Bourdieu’s concepts: ‘linguistic market’, ‘habitual inclinations’ and ‘feeling for the game’ are used as theoretical framework. When the author interprets and explains the language pattern as unedual distribution of recognition and as continuation of reproduction of a socio-cultural hierarchy among the children she relates to this framework. The last part of the article comprises a discussion of existing structured language stimulation program’s potentials for challenging the professional adults’ practice and the demonstrated differentiation and segregation processes.

Keywords

Language kindergarten ethnic minority children differentiation and segregation 

Résumé

Cet article examine comment la différenciation et sélection des enfants de la maternelle sont inhérentes aux pratiques et aux processus verbaux. L’analyse se base sur les données empiriques émanant d’un long travail ethnographique sur le terrain au Danemark. L’autrice présente deux tons ligustiiques:un ton d’enseignement et un ton d’échange, en outre, elle introduit un modèle relatif aux manières avec-lesquelles les deux tons sont réalisés. Le ton d’enseignement s’entend dans le cadre de l’interaction entre le personnel et les enfants ethniques minoritaires tandis que le personnel s’addresse aux enfants ethniques majoritaires (les Danois) du ton d’échange.

Les notions de Pierre Bourdieu: le marché linguistique, les inclinations habituelles et le sentiment du jeu, sont appliquées en tant que cadre théorique. Quand l’autrice interprète et explique le modèle de langage en tant que la distribution inégale de l’appréciation ainsi que la continuation de la reproduction de la hiérarchie parmi les enfants, elle le relie à ce cadre. La dernière partie de cet article amorce une discussion sur les possibilités relatives aux programmes structurés de stimulation du langage en ce qui concerne le défi par rapport aux pratiques des adultes professionnels et aux processus de différenciation montrés.

Resumen

Este articulo examina cómo la diferenciación y selección de niños /as a la escuela maternal son inherentes a las prácticas y a los procesos verbales. El análisis se basa en los hechos empiricos emanados de un largo trabajo etnográfico realizado en terreno en Dinamarca. La clara presencia de tonos lingüísticos: un tono de enseñanza y un tono de intercambio, y por otro lado, se introduce un modelo relativo a la forma en que los dos tonos son empleados. El tono de enseñanza se escucha en los intercambios entre el personal técnico docente y los infantes de ethias minoritarias en tanto que el personal docente emplea con las etnias mayoritaras, el tono de intercambio.

Las nociones de Pierre Bourdieu: la marcha lingüistica, las inclinaciones hapitulles y los sentimienfos de juego, son aplicados como cuadro teórico. Cuando al „otredad” se interpreta y exblica con un modelo de lenguaje dando una desigualdad a la apreciación del otro, se continúa con la reproducción de la jerarquia entre los infantes lo que calza con este cuadro. La última parte de este articulo esboza una discusión sobre las posibilidades relativas de programas estructurados sobre la estimulación del lenguaje en lo que concierne al desafio de establecer relaciones en las prácticas de los adultos profesionales en el proceso de diferenciación entre niños /as mostrado en el estudio

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Copyright information

© Springer 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Educational AnthropologyDanish University of EducationKøbenhavn NVDenmark

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