International Journal of Early Childhood

, Volume 37, Issue 2, pp 59–66 | Cite as

A study of the effectiveness of music appreciation TV programs for young children in Hong Kong

  • Yim Hoi-Yin Bonnie


This paper provides a preliminary report of a small-scale research examining the effectiveness of a series of Music Appreciation segments of “Pre-school: Learn to Fly”—a locally designed and produced early childhood TV program in Hong Kong. Four aspects of young children’s musical development were studied: 1) musical exposure; 2) attention span; 3) response to music; and 4) musical memory. The findings enrich local understanding of early childhood music education and media, and provide more information for the production of the next series from late 2004.


Attention Span Classical Music Class Teacher Musical Experience Audiovisual Stimulus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Étude de l’efficacité d’émissions télévisées d’appréciation musicale pour les enfants en bas âge à Hong Kong


Cette communication est le compte rendu préliminaire d’une étude à petite échelle de l’efficacité d’une série de segments d’appréciation musicale tirés de «Pre-school: Learn to Fly» — une émission de télévision pour la petite enfance, conçue et produite à Hong Kong. L’étude porte sur quatre aspects du développement musical des enfants en bas âge: 1) l’exposition à la musique; 2) la capacité d’attention; 3) la réaction à la musique; et 4) la mémoire musicale. Les résultats de l’étude viennent enrichir la documentation locale sur l’éducation musicale et les médias destinés à la petite enfance, et justifient la production de la prochaine série à partir de juillet 2004.

Un estudio de la efectividad de los programas de apreciación musical por TV para niños pequeños en Hong Kong


La presente ponencia brinda un informe preliminar de una investigación en pequeña escala que examina la efectividad de una serie segmentos de apreciación musical de “Pre-escolar: aprender a volar”—un programa de TV para niñez temprana localmente diseñado y producido en Hong Kong. Son cuatro los aspectos del desarrollo musical de los niños pequeños estudiados: 1) la exposición a la música; 2) el lapso de atención; 3) la respuesta a la música; y 4) la memoria musical. Los resultados enriquecen la literatura local sobre educación musical y medios para la niñez temprana, y brindan más bases para la producción de la siguiente serie a partir de fines de julio de 2004.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Boyer, E. (1991).Readiness to learn: A mandate for the nation, Princeton, NJ: Carnegie Council for the Advancement of Teaching.Google Scholar
  2. Bullet, J. (2003). Music in children’s television,The Canadian Music Educator, 44 (3), 32–36.Google Scholar
  3. Calvert, S. L. (2001). Impact of Televised Songs on Children’s and Young Adults’ Memory of Educational Content,Media Psychology, 3, 325–342.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Calvert, S. L., & Tart, M. (1993). Song versus verbal forms for very-long-term, long-term, and short-term verbatim recall.Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 14, 45–260.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Campbell, P. S. (1999). The many-splendored worlds of our musical children.Update: Applications of Research in Music Education, 8 (1), 7–15.Google Scholar
  6. Campbell, P. S. (1996).Music in cultural context Reston, Va: MENC.Google Scholar
  7. Campbell, P. S. (1998). Songs in their heads: music and its meaning in children’s lives. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Cassidy, J. M., & Geringer, J. M. (1999). Effects of animated videos on preschool children’s music development.Update: Applications of Research in Music Education, 17(1), 3–7.Google Scholar
  9. Harwood, E. E. (1987). The Memorized Song Repertoire of Children in Grades Four and Five in Champaign, Illinois. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. University of Illinois.Google Scholar
  10. Harwood, E. E. (1994). Miss Lucy meets Dr. Pepper: Mass Media and children’s traditional playground song and chant. In H. Lees (Ed.),Musical connections Tradition and Change: Proceeding of the 21 st World Conference of the International Society for Music Education (pp. 187–193), Tampa, Fl.Google Scholar
  11. Jellison, J., & Wolfe, D. E. (1999). Video songs from Seasame Street: A comparison of fifth graders’ and adults’ opinions regarding messages for preschool children.Journal of Research in Music Education, 47 (1), 64–77.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. McGinn, D. (2002). Guilt free TV.Newsweek, 140 (20), 53–60.Google Scholar
  13. Merrill-Mirsky, C. (1988). Eeny meeny pesadeeny: Ethnicity and gender in children’s musical play. PhD Dissertation. University of California.Google Scholar
  14. Monsour, S. (2000). General Music Tomorrow.Music Educators Journal, September, 45–49.Google Scholar
  15. Ridell, C. (1990).Traditional singing games of elementary school children in Los Angeles. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. University of California.Google Scholar
  16. Radio Television Hong Kong (2004).Pre-school: Learn to Fly II. Retrieved July 3rd, 2004, from Scholar
  17. Radio Television Hong Kong (2004).Pre-school: Learn to Fly II. Retrieved July 3rd, 2004, from Scholar
  18. Sell, M. A.; Ray, G. E., & Lovelace, L. (1995). Preschool children’s comprehension of a Sesame Street video tape: The effects of repeated viewing and previewing instructions.Educational Technology Research and Development, 43 (3), 49–60.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Sloboda, J. A. (1990). Music as a Language. In F. Wilson & F. Roehmann (Eds.),Music and Child Development (pp. 28–43) St Louis, MO: MMB.Google Scholar
  20. Smithrim, K. (1994). Preschool children’s responses to music on television.The Canadian Music Educator, 35 (7), 38.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Early Childhood EducationHong Kong Institute of EducationChina

Personalised recommendations