Advertisement

Applied Magnetic Resonance

, Volume 10, Issue 1–3, pp 395–412 | Cite as

ESR- and CIDNP-investigation of industrial additives

  • A. Liégard
  • K. Dietliker
  • P. Dubs
  • G. Knobloch
  • U. Kolczak
  • D. Leppard
  • R. Martin
  • H. R. Meier
  • P. Rzadek
  • G. Rist
Article

Abstract

ESR and CIDNP are applied to the investigation of the reaction mechanisms of several phenolic antioxidants and initiators of polymerization. It is shown how the ESR- and CIDNP-techniques complement each other.

Keywords

DPPH Dynamic Nuclear Polarization Phenolic Antioxidant Phenoxy Radical Radio Frequency Pulse 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. [1]
    Pospíŝil J., Klemchuck P. (eds.): Oxidation Inhibiton in Organic Materials, vols. 1 and 2, p.247. Boca Raton: CRC Press 1990.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    Roginsky V.A.: Fenol'nye Antioksidanty. Moskwa: Nauka 1988.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    Dietliker K. in: Chemistry and Technology of UV and EB Formulation for Coatings, Inks and Paints (Oldring P.K.T., ed.), vol. 3. London: SITA Technology Ltd. 1991.Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    Fouassier J.P., Rabek J.F., (eds.): Radiation Curing in Polymer Science and Technology, vol. 2. London and New York: Elsevier Applied Science 1993.Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    Dubs P., Knobloch G., Meier H.R.: European Patent EP428973 to Ciba-Geigy AG, Priority Date 29.5.1991, CA115:185157r; Stegmann W., Meier H.R., Evans S., Martin R., Luisoli R.: European Patent EP275832 to Ciba-Geigy AG, Priority Date 24.12.1986, CA110:25732t.Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    Henman T.J. in: Developments in Polymer Stabilization (Scott G., ed.), vol. 1, p. 39. London: Applied Science Publishers 1979.Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    Gugumus F.: Angew. Makromol. Chem.137, 189 (1985)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    Kuczkowski in: Oxidation Ihibiton in Organic Materials (Pospíšil J., Klemchuck P., eds.), vol. 1, p. 247. Boca Raton: CRC Press 1990.Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    Scott G. in: Developments in Polymer Stabilization (Scott G., ed.), vol. 1, p. 1. London: Applied Science Publishers 1979.Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    Scott G. in: Developments in Polymer Stabilization (Scott G., ed.), vol. 6, p. 29. London: Applied Science Publishers 1983.Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    Pospíšil J. in: International Conference on Advances in the Stabilization and Controlled Degradation of Polymers, Lucerne 1985 (Patsis A.V., ed.), vol. 1. Basel: Technomic Publishing 1985.Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    Pitteloud R., Dubs P.: Chimia48, 417–419 (1994)Google Scholar
  13. [13]
    Ayscough P.B., Russell K.E.: Can. J. Chem.43, 3039–3044 (1965)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. [14]
    Hogg J.S., Lohmann D.H., Russell K.E.: Can. J. Chem.39, 1394 (1961)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. [15]
    Bird R.A., Harpell G.A., Russell K.E.: Can. J. Chem.40, 701 (1962)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. [16]
    Palmer D.A., Kelm H.: Aust. J. Chem.30, 1229 (1977)Google Scholar
  17. [17]
    Adrian G.J.: J. Chem. Phys.53, 3374 (1970); Kaptein R., Oosterhoff L.: Chem. Phys. Lett.4, 195 (1969)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  18. [18]
    Meier H.R., Dubs P., Künzi H.P., Martin R., Knobloch G., Berttermann H., Thuet B., Borer A., Kolczak U., Rist G.: Polymer Degrad. and Stability47 (1995), accepted for publication.Google Scholar
  19. [19]
    Kaptein R.: J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Comm.1971, 732; Kaptein R.: J. Am. Chem. Soc.94, 6251 (1972)Google Scholar
  20. [20]
    Katbab A.A., Ogunbanjo A., Scott G.: Polymer Degrad. and Stability12, 333 (1985)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. [21]
    Fischer H., Baer R., Hany R., Verhoolen I., Walbiner M.J.: J. Chem. Soc. Perkin Trans II1990, 787.Google Scholar
  22. [22]
    De Jonge C.R.H.I., Giezen E.A., van der Maeden F.P.B., Huismans W.G.P., Klein W.J., Mije W.J. in: Stabilization and Degradation of Polymers (Allare D.I., Hawkins W.L., eds.), ACS Adv. Chem. Ser. No. 169, p. 399. Washington D.C.: American Chemical Society 1978.Google Scholar
  23. [23]
    Pospíšil J.: Polymer Degrad. and Stability40, 217 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. [24]
    Amstrong D.R., Cameron C., Noinhebel D.C., Perkins P.G.: J. Chem. Soc. Perkin Trans II1983, 563; ibidem Amstrong D.R., Cameron C., Noinhebel D.C., Perkins P.G.: J. Chem. Soc. Perkin Trans II1983, 569; ibidem Amstrong D.R., Cameron C., Noinhebel D.C., Perkins P.G.: J. Chem. Soc. Perkin Trans II1983, 575; ibidem Amstrong D.R., Cameron C., Noinhebel D.C., Perkins P.G.: J. Chem. Soc. Perkin Trans II1983, 581; ibidem Amstrong D.R., Cameron C., Noinhebel D.C., Perkins P.G.: J. Chem. Soc. Perkin Trans II1983, 587.Google Scholar
  25. [25]
    Omura K.: J. Org. Chem.56, 921 (1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. [26]
    Monroe B.M., Weed G.C.: Chem. Rev.93, 435 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. [27]
    Davidson R.S.: J. Photochem. Photobiol. A73, 81 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. [28]
    Jacobi M., Henne A.: J. Rad. Curing19(4), 16 (1983)Google Scholar
  29. [29]
    Jacobi M., Henne A.: Polym. Paint Colour J.175, 636 (1985)Google Scholar
  30. [30]
    Garratt P.G. in: Radiation Curing of Polymers II (Randell D.R., ed.), Special Publication No. 89, p. 103. Cambridge: The Royal Society of Chemistry 1991.Google Scholar
  31. [31]
    Barca A.: Farbe + Lack96(2). 422 (1990)Google Scholar
  32. [32]
    Sumiyoshi T., Henne A., Lechtken P., Schnabel W.: Polymer26, 141–146 (1985)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. [33]
    Kamachi M., Hayashi H., Sakaguchi Y., Schnabel W.: J. Phys. Chem.91, 3936–3938 (1987)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. [34]
    Baxter J.E., Davidson R.S., Hageman H.J., McLauchlan K.A., Stevens D.G.: J. Chem. Soc. Chem. Commun.1987, 73.Google Scholar
  35. [35]
    Majima T., Konishi Y., Böttcher A., Kuwata K., Kamachi M., Schnabel W.: J. Photochem. Photobiol. A: Chem.58, 239–251 (1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. [36]
    Kamachi M., Kuwata K., Sumiyoshi T., Schnabel W.: J. Chem. Soc. Perkin. Trans. II1988, 961.Google Scholar
  37. [37]
    Turro N., Khudayakov I.V.: Chem. Phys. Lett.193, 546 (1992)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  38. [38]
    Sluggett G.W., Turro C., George M.W., Koptyug I.V., Turro N.J.: J. Am. Chem. Soc.117, 5148–5153 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. [39]
    Desobry V., Dietliker K., Hüsler R., Misev L., Rembold M., Rist G., Rutsch W. in: Radiation Curing of Polymeric Materials (Holye C.E., Kinstle J.F., eds.), ACS Symposium Series No. 417, p. 92. Washington: American Chemical Society 1990.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. [40]
    Sumiyoshi T., Schnabel W.: Macromol. Chem.186, 1811 (1985)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. [41]
    Kamachi M., Kajiwara A., Saegusa A., Morishima Y.: Macromolecules26, 7369–7371 (1993)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  42. [42]
    Kajiwara A., Konishi Y., Morishima Y., Schnabel W., Kuwata K., Kamachi M.: Macromolecules26, 1656–1658, 1993CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  43. [43]
    Baxter J.E., Davidson R.S., Hageman H.J., Overeem T.: Macromol. Chem.189, 1811 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. [44]
    Hageman H.J., Overeem T.: Macrom. Chem., Rapid Commun.2, 719 (1981)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. [45]
    Baxter J.E., Davidson R.S., Hageman H.J., Overeem T.: Macrom. Chem., Rapid Commun.8, 311 (1987)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. [46]
    Levin Ya. A., Il'yasov A.V., Goldfarb E.I., Vorokunova E.I.: Org. Mag. Reson.5, 487 (1973)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. [47]
    Kolczak U.: PhD Thesis. Universität Basel 1995.Google Scholar
  48. [48]
    Dietliker K., Kolczak U., Rist G., Wirz J. Macromolecules (submitted for publication)Google Scholar
  49. [49]
    Schäublin, Höhner A., Ernst R.R.: J. Magn. Reson.13, 196 (1974)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Liégard
    • 1
  • K. Dietliker
    • 2
  • P. Dubs
    • 2
  • G. Knobloch
    • 3
  • U. Kolczak
    • 1
  • D. Leppard
    • 2
  • R. Martin
    • 2
  • H. R. Meier
    • 2
  • P. Rzadek
    • 1
  • G. Rist
    • 1
  1. 1.Physics DepartmentCiba-GeigyBaselSwitzerland
  2. 2.Research Center, Additives DivisionCiba-GeigyMarlySwitzerland
  3. 3.Application Laboratories, Additives DivisionCiba-GeigyBaselSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations