Metallurgical Transactions A

, Volume 6, Issue 11, pp 2103–2114 | Cite as

The precipitation of α-phase in metastable β -phase Ti alloys

  • Cecil G. Rhodes
  • James C. Williams


The isothermal decomposition of metastable β-phase in Ti-14 wt pct Mo-6 wt pct Al and Ti-11.6 wt pct Mo alloys has been studied by electron microscopy. Two distinct types of α-phase are observed as decomposition products. Type 1 α obeys the well-known Burgers orientation with respect to the β-phase matrix. Type 2 α, which is characterized by arced reflections in the electron diffraction patterns, does not obey the Burgers orientation relation, but rather can be described as being in a {10–12} 〈10–11〉 twin orientation with respect to Burgers orientation α. The Type 1 α forms initially at aging temperatures in the range of 400°C to 650°C, and is replaced ty Type 2 α after longer holding times at the aging temperature. The Type 1 α precipitates form as monolithic plates in the ternary alloy and as monolithic needles in the binary. The Type 2 precipitates in the ternary alloy occur as very fine, contiguous particles in a colony-like arrangement wherein the colony has a plate morphology. The Type 2 precipitates in the binary alloy form as a peripheral shell around the Type 1 needle. Two possible mechanisms describing the formation of Type 2 α from Type 1 α are considered. The first of these is mechanical twinning of Type 1 α plates, and the second is a nucleation and growth mechanism which is driven by a composition difference between Types 1 and 2. The former is concluded to be less likelv than the latter.


Metallurgical Transaction Electron Diffraction Pattern Ternary Alloy Habit Plane Zone Pattern 
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Copyright information

© The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society - ASM International - The Materials Information Society 1975

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cecil G. Rhodes
    • 1
  • James C. Williams
    • 2
  1. 1.Science CenterRockwell InternationalThousand Oaks
  2. 2.Dept. of Metallurgy and Materials ScienceCarnegie-Mellon UniversityPittsburgh

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