, Volume 9, Issue 1, pp 41–60 | Cite as

Correspondence between Vegetation and Soils in Wetlands and Nearby Uplands

  • Michael L. Scott
  • William L. Slauson
  • Charles A. Segelquist
  • Gregor T. Auble


The association between vegetation and soils from a geographically broad sampling of wetlands and adjoining uplands is reported for 38 hydric and 26 nonhydric soils, as recognized in the hydric soils list of the Soil Conservation Service. Wetlands represented in the study include estuaries, pitcher plant bogs, prairie depressional wetlands, and western riparian lands. The agreement between vegetation and soils is clear with few exceptions. In general, hydric soils support hydrophytic plant communities, and nonhydric soils support upland communities. Only 10% of the hydric soils sampled support upland communities and only 15% of the nonhydric soils support wetland communities. Exceptions to the correspondence between vegetation and soils are discussed; local hydrology, the transitional nature of some soils, and other determinants of wetland vegetation structure (e.g., salinity, disturbance) seem to account for many of the observed discrepancies. A method that simplifies the complexity of soils and vegetation cannot be expected to represent accurately all details of their interrelations.

Key Words

wetlands wetland vegetation hydric soil weighted average 


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Copyright information

© Society of Wetland Scientists 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael L. Scott
    • 1
  • William L. Slauson
    • 2
  • Charles A. Segelquist
    • 1
  • Gregor T. Auble
    • 1
  1. 1.U.S. Fish and Wildlife ServiceNational Ecology Research CenterFort Collins
  2. 2.Technicolor Government ServicesFort Collins

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