gedrag en gezondheid

, Volume 33, Issue 3, pp 94–100 | Cite as

Religie, spiritualiteit en coping met gezondheidsgerelateerde stress



Religion, spirituality and coping with health-related stress

There is now a substantial literature that has identified links between religious coping and mental and physical health. This paper summarizes earlier reviews and highlights recent evidence that connects religion and spirituality to health. Problems in conceptualization and measurement are discussed and promising directions for further work are indicated.


  1. Aldwin, C.A., & Revenson, T.A. (1987). Does coping help? A reexamination of the relationship between coping and mental health. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 53, 337-348.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Ano, G.G., & Vasconcelles, E.B. (2005). Religious coping and psychological adjustment to stress: A meta-analysis. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 61, 461-480.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Antonovski, A. (1980). Health, stress, and coping. San Francisco, CA: Jossey- Bass.Google Scholar
  4. Antonovski, A. (1987). Unraveling the mystery of health.San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
  5. Baron, R.M., & Kenny, D.A. (1986). The moderator-mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51, 1173-1182.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Baumeister, R.F. (1991). Meanings of life. New York, NY: The Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  7. Bergin, A.E. (1983). Religiosity and mental health: A critical reevaluation and meta-analysis. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 14, 170-184.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bergner, M., Bobbitt, R., Carter, W., & Gilson, B. (1981). The Sickness Impact Profile: Development and final revision of a health status measure. Medical Care, 19, 787-805.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Bickel, C.O., Ciarrocchio, J.W., Sheers, N.J., Estadt, B.K., Powell, D.A., & Pargament, K.I. (1998). Perceived stress, religious coping styles, and depressive affect. Journal of Psychology and Christianity, 17, 33-42.Google Scholar
  10. Burker, E.J., Evon, D.M., Sedway, J.A., & Egan, T. (2004). Religious coping, psychological distress and disability among patients with end-stage pulmonary disease. Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings, 11, 179-193.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Cardella, L.A., & Friedlander, M.L. (2004). The relationship between re- Religie, spiritualiteit en coping Gedrag & Gezondheid 2005-33, nr 3 141 ligious coping and psychological distress in parents of children with cancer. Journal of Psychosocial Oncology, 22, 19-37.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Cigrang, J.A., Hryshko-Mullen, A., & Peterson, A.L.(2003). Spontaneous reports of religious coping by patients with chronic physical illness. Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings, 10, 133-137.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Cohen, S., & Herbert, T.B. (1996). Health psychology: Psychological factors and physical disease from the perspective of human psychoneuroimmunology. Annual Review of Psychology, 47, 113-142.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Compas, B.E., Connor-Smith, J.K., Saltzman, H., Harding Thomsen, A., & Wadsworth, M.A. (2001). Coping with stress during childhood and adolescence: Problems, progress, and potential in theory and research. Psychological Bulletin, 127, 87-127.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Coyne, J.C., & Gottlieb, B.H. (1996). The mismeasure of coping by checklist. Journal of Personality, 64, 959-991.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Dein, S., & Stygall, J. (1997). Does being religious help or hinder coping with chronic illness: A critical literature review. Palliative Medicine, 11, 291-298.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Fabricatore, A.W., Randal., P.J., Rubio, D.M., & Gilner, F.H. (2004). Stress, religion, and mental health: Religious coping in mediating and moderating roles. International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 14, 97-108.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Folkman, S., & Moskowitz, J.T. (2004). Coping: Pitfalls and promises. Annual Review of Psychology, 55, 745-774.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Funder, D.C. (2002). Why study religion? Psychological Inquiry, 13, 213-214.Google Scholar
  20. Hall, B.A. (1998). Patterns of spirituality in persons with advanced HIV disease. Research in Nursing and Health, 21, 143-153.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Harrison, M.O., Koenig, H.G., Hays, J.C., Eme-Akwari, A.G., & Pargament, K.I. (2001). The epidemiology of religious coping: A review of the recent literature. International Review of Psychiatry, 13, 86-93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Hill, P.C., & Pargament, K.I. (2003). Advances in the conceptualisation and measurement of religion and spirituality: Implications for physical and mental health research. American Psychologist, 58, 64-74.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Jenkins, R.A., & Pargament, K.I. (1995). Religion and spirituality as resources for coping with cancer. Journal of Psychosocial Oncology, 13, 51-74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Joiner, T.E., Jr., Perez, M., & Walker, R.L. (2002). Playing devil’s advocate: Why not conclude that the relation of religiosity to mental health reduces to mundane mediators? Psychological Inquiry, 13, 214-216.Google Scholar
  25. Kaye, J., & Kumar Raghavan, S. (2002). Spirituality in disability and illness. Journal of Religion and Health, 41, 231-242.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Kier, F.J., & Davenport, D.S. (2004). Unaddressed problems in the study of spirituality and health. American Psychologist, 59, 53-54.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Kwilecki, S. (2004). Religion and coping: A contribution from religious studies. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 43, 477-489.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Lazarus, R.S., & Folkman, S. (1984). Stress, appraisal and coping. New York, NY: Springer.Google Scholar
  29. Maltby, J., & Day, L. (2003). Religious orientation, religious coping and appraisals of stress: Assessing primary appraisal factors in the relationship between religiosity and psychological well-being. Personality and Individual Differences, 34, 1209-1224.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Matthews, D.A., McCullough, M.E., Larson, D.B., Koenig, H.G., Swyers, J.P., & Greenwold Milano, M. (1998). Religious commitment and health status. A review of the research and implications for family medicine. Archive for Family and Medicine, 7, 118-124.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Miller, W.R., & Thoresen, C.E. (2004). Spirituality, health, and the discipline of psychology. American Psychologist, 59, 54-55.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Nairn, R.C., & Merluzzzi, T.V. (2003). The role of religious coping in adjustment to cancer. Psycho-Oncology, 12, 428-441.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Oxman, T.E., Freeman, D.H., & Manheimer, E.D. (1995). Lack of social participation or religious strength and comfort as risk factors for death after cardiac surgery in the elderly. Psychosomatic Medicine, 57, 5-15.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. Pargament, K.I. (1996). Religious methods of coping: Resources for the conservation and transformation of significance. In E.P. Shafranske (Ed.), Religie, spiritualiteit en coping 142 Gedrag & Gezondheid 2005-33, nr 3 Religion and the clinical practice of psychology(pp. 215-240). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.Google Scholar
  35. Pargament, K.I. (1997). The psychology of religion and coping: Theory, research, practice.New York, NY: The Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  36. Pargament, K.I. (2002a). Is religion nothing but ? Explaining religion versus explaining religion away. Psychological Inquiry, 13,239-244.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Pargament, K.I. (2002b). The bitter and the sweet: An evaluation of the costs and benefits of religiousness. Psychological Inquiry, 13, 168-181.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Pargament, K.I., Ensing, D.S., Falgout, K., Olsen, H., Reilly, B., Van Haitsma, K., & Warren, R. (1990). God help me: I: Religious coping efforts as predictors of the outcomes to significant negative life events. American Journal of Community Psychology, 18, 793-824.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Pargament, K.I., Kennell, J., Hathaway, W., Grevengoed, N., Newman, J., & Jones, W. (1988). Religion and the problem-solving process: Three styles of coping. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 27,90- 104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Pargament, K.I., Koenig, H.G., & Perez, L.M. (2000). The many methods of religious coping: Development and initial validation of the RCOPE. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 56,519-543.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  41. Pargament, K.I., Koenig, H.G., Tarakeshwar, N., & Hahn, J. (2004). Religious coping methods as predictors of psychological, physical and spiritual outcomes among medically ill elderly patients: A two-year longitudinal study. Journal of Health Psychology, 9,713-730.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. Pargament, K.I., & Mahoney, A. (2002). Spirituality: Discovering and conserving the sacred. In C.R. Snyder & S.J. Lopez (Eds.), The handbook of positive psychology(pp. 646-659). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  43. Pargament, K.I., Smith, B.W., Koenig, H.G., & Perez, L.M. (1998). Patterns of positive and negatie religious coping with major life stressors. Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion, 37, 710-724.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Pargament, K.I., Zinnbauer, B.J., Scott, A.B., Butter, E.M., Zerowin, J., & Stanik, P. (1998). Red flags and religious coping: Identifying some religious warning signs among people in crisis. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 54, 77-89.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  45. Pieper, J.Z.T. (2004). Religious coping in highly religious psychiatric inpatients. Mental Health, Religion and Culture, 7, 329-363.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Princeton Religious Research Center (1996). Religion in America 1996. Princeton, NJ: Auteur.Google Scholar
  47. Seeman, T.E., Dubin, L.F., & Seeman, M. (2003). Religiosity/spirituality and health: A critical review of the evidence for biological pathways. American Psychologist, 58, 53-63.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  48. Stanton, A.L., Danoff-Burg, S., Cameron, C.L., & Ellis, A.P. (1994). Coping through emotional approach: Problems of conceptualization and confounding. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 66, 350-362.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  49. Tix, A.P., & Frazier, P.A. (1998). The use of religious coping during stressful lfe events: Main effects, moderation, and mediation. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 66, 411-422.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  50. Woods, T.E., & Ironson, G.H. (1999). Religion and spirituality in the face of illness. How cancer, cardiac, and HIV patients describe their spirituality/ religiosity. Journal of Health Psychology, 4, 393-412.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Worthington, E.L., Kurusu, T.A., McCullough, M.E., & Sandage, S.J. (1996). Empirical research on religion and psychotherapeutic processes and outcomes: A 10-year review and research prospectus. Psychological Bulletin, 119, 448-487.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Wulff, D.M. (1997). Psychology of religion: Classic and contemporary. 2nd ed. New York, NY: Wiley.Google Scholar
  53. Yangarber-Hicks, N. (2004). Religious coping styles and recovery from serious mental illnesses. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 32, 305- 317.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© onbekend 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.

Personalised recommendations