Advertisement

Kind en Adolescent

, Volume 29, Issue 2, pp 80–93 | Cite as

Rouw en verliesverwerking door jeugdigen

  • Mariken Spuij
  • Yvonne Stikkelbroek
  • Paul Goudena
  • Paul Boelen
Artikelen

Samenvatting

Het verlies van een dierbare is een ontwrichtende gebeurtenis. Desondanks is nog nauwelijks onderzoek gedaan naar verliesverwerking door jeugdigen. Bij volwassenen is er overtuigende evidentie voor het bestaan van gecompliceerde rouw; het heeft een eigen fenomenologie en is te onderscheiden van depressie en posttraumatische stress-stoornis. Voorts is aangetoond dat specifieke cognitief gedragstherapeutische interventies effectief zijn in de behandeling van rouwproblematiek. Op basis van de huidige inzichten is het waarschijnlijk dat gecompliceerde rouw als aparte stoornis in de dsm-v wordt opgenomen. Onderzoek naar gecompliceerde rouw bij jeugdigen is nodig om de opgelopen achterstand in te halen.

Literatuur

  1. Baker, J.E., Sedney, M.A., & Gross, E. (1996). How bereaved children cope with loss: an overview. In C. Corr & D. Corr (Eds.), Handbook of childhood death and bereavement (pp. 109-130). New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  2. Balk, D.E., & Corr, C.A. (2001). Bereavement during adolescence: a review of research. In M.S. Stroebe, R.O. Hansson, W. Stroebe & H. Schut (Eds.), Handbook of bereavement research. Consequences, coping and care (pp. 199-218). Washington, dc: American Psychological Association.Google Scholar
  3. Boelen, P.A., De Keijser, J., & Van den Hout, M. (2007). Treatment of complicated grief: a comparison between cognitive behavioral therapy and supportive counseling. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 75, 277-284.Google Scholar
  4. Boelen, P.A., Van den Bout, J., & De Keijser, J. (2003). Traumatic grief as a disorder distinct from bereavement-related depression and anxiety: a replication study with bereaved mental health care patients. American Journal of Psychiatry, 160, 1339-1341.Google Scholar
  5. Boelen, P.A., Van den Hout, M., & Van den Bout, J. (2006). A cognitive-behavioral conceptualization of complicated grief. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 13, 109-128.Google Scholar
  6. Bowlby, J. (1961). Processes of mourning. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis, 42, 317- 340.Google Scholar
  7. Brown, E.J., & Goodman, R.F. (2005). Childhood traumatic grief: an exploration of the construct in children bereaved on september 11. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 34, 248-259.Google Scholar
  8. Cohen, J.A., & Mannarino, A.P. (2004). Treatment of childhood traumatic grief. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 33, 819-831.Google Scholar
  9. Cohen, J.A., Mannarino, A.P., & Staron, V.R. (2006). A pilot study of modified cognitive behavioural therapy for childhood traumatic grief (cbt-ctg). Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 45, 1485-1473.Google Scholar
  10. Cohen, J.A., Mannarino, A.P., Greenberg, T., Padlo, S., & Shipley, C. (2002). Childhood traumatic grief: concepts and controversies. Trauma, Violence and Abuse, 3, 307-327.Google Scholar
  11. Cook, A.S., & Oltjenbruns, K.A. (1998). Dying and grieving: lifespan and family perspectives. Fort Worth, tx: Harcourt & Brace.Google Scholar
  12. Currier, J.M., Holland, J.M., & Neimeyer, R.A. (2007). The effectiveness of bereavement interventions with children: a meta-analysis review of controlled outcome research. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 36, 1-7.Google Scholar
  13. Dowdney, L. (2000). Annotation: childhood bereavement following parental death. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 41, 819-830.Google Scholar
  14. Fox, G.C., Reid, G.E., Salmon, A., McKillop-Duffy, P., & Doyle, C. (1999). Criteria for traumatic grief and ptsd (letter). British Journal of Psychiatry, 174, 560.Google Scholar
  15. Horowitz, M., Siegel, B., Holen, A., Bonnano, G., Milbrath, C., & Stinson, C. (1997). Diagnostic criteria for complicated grief disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry, 154, 904-910.Google Scholar
  16. Kübler-Ross, E. (1982). Leven met stervenden. Baarn: Ambo.Google Scholar
  17. Lichtenthal, W.G., Cruess, D.G., & Prigerson, H.G. (2004). A case for establishing complicated grief as a distinct mental disorder in dsm-v. Clinical Psychology Review, 24, 637-662.Google Scholar
  18. Melhem, N.M., Day, N., Shear, M.K., Day, R., Reynolds, C.F., & Brent, D. (2004a). Predictors of complicated grief among adolescents exposed to a peer’s suicide. Journal of Loss and Trauma, 9, 21-34.Google Scholar
  19. Melhem, N.M., Day, N., Shear, M.K., Day, R., Reynolds, C.F., & Brent, D. (2004b). Traumatic grief among adolescents exposed to a peer’s suicide. American Journal of Psychiatry, 161, 1411-1416.Google Scholar
  20. Melhem, N.M., Moritz, M.P.H., Walker, M.S.W., Shear, M.K., & Brent, D. (2007). Phenomenology and correlated of complicated grief in children and adolescents. Journal of American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychology, 46, 493-499. Google Scholar
  21. Oltjenbruns, K.A. (2001). Developmental context of childhood: grief and regrief phenomena. In M.S. Stroebe, R.O. Hansson, W. Stroebe & H. Schut (Eds.), Handbook of bereavement research; consequences, coping and care (pp. 169-197). Washington, dc: American Psychological Association.Google Scholar
  22. Pfefferbaum, B., North, C.S., Doughty, D.E., Pfefferbaum, R.L., Dumont, C.E., & Pynoos, R.S. (2006). Trauma, grief and depression in Nairoby children after the 1998 bombing of the American embassy. Death Studies, 30, 561-577.Google Scholar
  23. Prigerson, H.G., Ahmed, I., Saxena, A.K., Maciejewski, P.K., Jacobs, S.C., Kasl, S.V., Aqueel, N., & Hamirani, M. (2002). Rates and risks of complicated grief among psychiatric clinic patients in Karachi, Pakistan. Death Studies, 26, 1-12.Google Scholar
  24. Prigerson, H.G., Horowitz, M.J., Jacobs, S.C., Aslan, M., Parkes, C.M., Raphael, B., Marwit, S.J., Bonanno, G.A., Wortman, C., Goodkin, K., Boelen, P.A., Litz, B., Neimeyer R., Maercker, A., Block, S.D., Kissane, D.W., Johnson, J.G., First, M.B., & Maciejewski, P.K. (ingediend). Field trial of consensus criteria for prolonged grief disorder proposed for dsm-v.Google Scholar
  25. Prigerson, H.G., & Jacobs, S.C. (2001). Traumatic grief as a distinct disorder: a rationale, consensus criteria, and a preliminary empirical test. In M.S. Stroebe, R.O. Hansson, W. Stroebe & H. Schut (Eds.), Handbook of bereavement research; consequences, coping and care (pp. 613-637). Washington, dc: American Psychological Association.Google Scholar
  26. Prigerson, H.G., & Maciejewski, P.K. (2005). A call for sound empirical testing and evaluation of criteria for complicated grief proposed for dsm-v. Journal of Death and Dying, 52, 9-19.Google Scholar
  27. Sandler, I.N., Ayers, T.S., Wolchik, S.A., Tein, J.-Y., Kwok, O.-M., Haine, R.A., Twohey, J.L., Suter, J., Lin, K., Padgett-Jones, S., Weyer, J.L., Cole, E., Kriege, G., & Griffin, W.A. (2003). The Family Bereavement Program: efficacy evaluation of a theory-based prevention program for parentally-bereaved children and adolescents. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 71, 587-600.Google Scholar
  28. Shear, K, Frank, E., Houck, P.R., & Reynolds, C.F. (2005). Treatment of complicated grief. A randomised controlled trial. jama, 293, 2601-2608.Google Scholar
  29. Stroebe, M., Schut, H., & Stroebe, W. (2005). Attachment in coping with bereavement: a theoretical integration. Review of General Psychology, 9, 48-66.Google Scholar
  30. Stroebe, M., Van Son, M., Stroebe, W., Kleber, R., Schut, H., & Van den Bout, J. (2000). On the classification and diagnosis of pathological grief. Clinical Psychology Review, 20, 57-75.Google Scholar
  31. Tein, J.-Y., Sandler, I.N., Ayers, T., & Wolchik, S.A. (2006). Mediation of the effects of the family bereavement program on mental health problems of bereaved children and Adolescents. Prevention Science, 7, 179-195.Google Scholar
  32. Weisz, J.R., Weiss, B., Alicke, M.D., & Klotz, M.L. (1987). Effects of psychotherapy with children and adolescents: A meta-anlysis for clinicians. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 55, 542-549.Google Scholar
  33. Worden, J.W. (1996). Children and grief. When a parent dies. New York/Londen: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  34. Worden, J.W. (2001). Grief counselling and grief therapy (3rd ed.). Hove/New York: Brunner-Routledge.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Bohn Stafleu van Loghum 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mariken Spuij
    • 1
  • Yvonne Stikkelbroek
  • Paul Goudena
  • Paul Boelen
  1. 1.

Personalised recommendations