Model independent features of the two-particle correlation function

  • Scott Chapman
  • Pierre Scotto
  • Ulrich Heinz


The Hanbury-Brown Twiss correlation function for two identical particles is studied for systems with cylindrical symmetry. Its shape for small values of the relative momentum is derived in a model independent way. In addition to the usual quadratic “side”, “out” and “longitudinal” terms in the exponent of the correlator, a previously neglected “out-longitudinal” cross term is found and discussed. The model-independent expressions for the size parameters of the HBT correlation function are interpreted as lengths of homogeneity of the source, in distinction to its purely geometrical size. They are evaluated analytically and numerically for two specific thermal models featuring collective transverse and longitudinal flow. The analytic expressions derived allow one to establish qualitatively important connections between the space-time features of the source and the shape of the correlation function. New ways of parametrizing the correlation function and a new approach to the measurement of the duration of the emission process are suggested.


Correlation Function Cylindrical Symmetry Cross Term Correlation Radius Transverse Flow 
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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Scott Chapman
    • 1
  • Pierre Scotto
    • 1
  • Ulrich Heinz
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Theoretische PhysikUniversität RegensburgRegensburgGermany

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