Proceedings: Plant Sciences

, Volume 93, Issue 2, pp 151–164 | Cite as

Pharmacognostic studies onArtemisia scoparia Waldst. and Kit.

  • Usha Shome
  • Pammie Joshi
  • H P Sharma


Pharmacognosy of the floral and vegetative parts ofArtemisia scoparia Waldst, and Kit. (‘Dona’), a bitter aromatic herb used in the indigenous systems of medicine, was carried out with a view to lay down standards for the genuine drug. The parameters studied include anatomical and microscopic details of the different parts; certain physico-chemical constants such as ash values, percentage of tannins, and successive extractives; as well as qualitative detection of the main chemical constitutents in the various extractives. Thin layer chromatography and fluorescence tests of drug powder were also carried out. Presence of casparian strips in the endodermis, resin canals, four-to eight-celled characteristic glandular hairs on the corolla and absence of pappus are some of the diagnostic features of the drug.


Artemisia scoparia pharmacognosy Asteraceae casparian strips 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Not seen in original Alyukina L S and Ryakhovskaya T V 1980 Flavonoids of the genusArtemisia subgenus Dracunculus in the flora of the Kazakh S S R USSR;Rastit Resur. 16 187–192 (seeBiol. Abstr. No. 33080, 1981)Google Scholar
  2. Anonymous 1965Official methods of analysis of the AOAC (Benjamin Franklin Stn: Washington DC 20044)Google Scholar
  3. Anonymous 1966Indian Pharmacopoea 2nd edn (Delhi: Government of India)Google Scholar
  4. Chase C R and Pratt R J 1949 Fluorescence of powdered vegetable drugs with particular reference to development of a system of identification;J. Am. Pharmacol. Assoc. 38 324–331Google Scholar
  5. Not seen in original Darenkov A F 1965 Artemisol used in the treatment of patients with calculi of the upper urinary tract;Urol. Nefrol. IYA 30 56–59 (seeBiol. Abstr. 47 No. 22393, 1967)Google Scholar
  6. Jamwal K S, Sharma M L, Chandhoke N and Ray Ghatak B J 1972 Pharmacological action of 6–7 dimethoxy (Coumarin scoparone) isolated fromArtemisia scoparia Waldst. and Kit.Indian J. Med. Res. 60 763–771PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Kirtikar D and Basu B D 1933Indian medicinal plants I 2nd edn (Allahabad: Basu and Co.)Google Scholar
  8. Kokoski J, Kokoski R and Slama F J 1958 Fluorescence of powdered vegetable drugs under ultraviolet radiation;J. Am. Pharmacol Assoc. 47 715CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Not seen in original Maksudov N Kh and Pogorelko I P 1963 Clinical experiments with new terpene containing drugs;Uzb. Biol. Zh. 7 38–44 (seeBiol. Abstr. 46 No. 68865, 1964)Google Scholar
  10. Maksudov N Kh and Koisman A 1966 Artemisol in the treatment of patients with urolithiasis.Urol. Nefrol 31 37–40 (seeBiol. Abstr. 48 No. 122200, 1967)Google Scholar
  11. Not seen in original Nautial S and Purohit A N 1980 High altitude acclimatization in plants: Stomatal frequency and anatomical changes in leaves ofArtemisia spp;Biol. Plant (Prague) 22 282–286 (seeBiol. Abstr. 71 No. 2436, 1981)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Not seen in original Pavelkovskaya G P, Alyukina L S and Klyshev L K 1967 Flavonoid content in someArtemisia sps;Vestn Akad Nauk Kaz SSR 23 60–65 (seeBiol. Abstr. 49 No. 129266, 1968)Google Scholar
  13. Peach K and Tracy M Y 1955Modern methods of plant analysis (Heidelberg: Springer Verlag), vols3, 4 Google Scholar
  14. Shome U, Khanna R K and Sharma H P 1979 Pharmacognostic studies onDillenia indica Linn. I. LeafProc. Indian Acad. Sci. (Plant Sci.) 88 35–48CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Shome U, Khanna R K and Sharma H P 1980a Pharmacognostic studies ofDillenia indica Linn. II. Fruit and seed,Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. (Plant Sci.) 89 91–104CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Shome U, Khanna R K and Sharma H P 1980b Pharmacognostic studies on the flower ofButea monosperma (Lam.) Kuntze;New Bot. 7 111–125Google Scholar
  17. Shome U, Mehrotra S and Sharma H P 1981 Pharmacognostic studies on the flower ofWoodfordia fruticosa Kurz;Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. (Plant Sci.) 90 335–351Google Scholar
  18. Shome U, Mehrotra S and Sharma H P 1982 Pharmacognostic studies on the flower ofMesua ferrea L;Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. (Plant Sci.) 91 211–226CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. William L T, Joseph L K and Reed C R 1979Trichome description and classification in anatomy of the dicotyledons by C R Metcalfe and L Chalk (Oxford: Clarendon Press)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Usha Shome
    • 1
  • Pammie Joshi
    • 1
  • H P Sharma
    • 1
  1. 1.Pharmacognosy SectionNational Botanical Research InstituteLucknowIndia

Personalised recommendations