The structure and optical behaviour of some natural and synthetic fibres

  • C. V. Raman
  • M. R. Bhat


When a narrow pencil of light which comes to a focus in the plane of a photographic film traverses a single fibre set transversely to it in its path, the light diffracted by the fibre in various directions records itself on the film when adequate exposures are given. Photographs thus obtained with single fibres of cotton, wool, silk, rayon and chrysotile are reproduced in the paper. The birefringence of the fibres exhibits itself by the non-disappearance of the pattern when two polaroids crossed with respect to each other are placed one on either side of the fibre, the axis of the latter bisecting the angle between their vibration directions. The diffraction patterns indicate the inner structure of the fibres and are strikingly different for the different materials.


Single Fibre Glass Wool Chrysotile Fibre Axis Silk Fibre 
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  1. E. Ott ..Cellulose, Chap. III, Interscience Publishers, 1946.Google Scholar
  2. P. H. Hermans..Physics and Chemistry of Cellulose Fibres, Second Part, Elsevier, 1949.Google Scholar
  3. G.L.Clark ..Applied X-Rays, Chap. XXIII, McGraw-Hill, 1940.Google Scholar
  4. A. Frey-Wyssling..Sub-Microscopic Morphology of Protoplasm and Its Derivatives, pp. 193–203, Elsevier, 1948.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Indian Academy of Sciences 1954

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. V. Raman
    • 1
  • M. R. Bhat
    • 1
  1. 1.Raman Research InstituteBangalore

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