History of rhinology in India

  • V. P. Sood
Guest Editorial


The Indian contribution in the history of Rhinology is quite significant and interesting which is universally recognized.

The most noteworthy contribution in ancient surgery in rhinology was the reconstruction of new noses by using cheek and forehead flaps. Atharva Veda 1000 B.C. in ancient Hindu civilization gave information regarding diseases of ear, nose and throat. Susruta Samhita a surgical treatise in post Vedic period mentioned 24 ducts in nose and gave an account of nasal repair using cheek flaps.

The publication of Cowasjee’s nasal reconstruction by an Indian potter using forehead flap in Gentleman’s magazine in 1974, generated tremendous interest and paved the way for corrective rhinoplasty in Europe and U.S.A.

Corrective Rhinoplasty and Endoscopic sinus surgery has been developed and popularized in the country and ALL INDIA RHINOLOGY SOCIETY has been founded by the author to promote Rhinology in Indian subcontinent.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Snell GED (1973): A History of rhinoplasty, Canadian Journal of Otolaryngology 2: 3.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Bhishagratna KKL (1907): English translation of the Susruta Samhita (from Sanskrit), Calcutta.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Manucci, Nicollao (1907): Storia de Mogor or Mogul India 1653–1708 (Eng. Translation) London : John Murray, Vol II.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    B.L. Curious Chirurgical operation (1794): New Nose, Gentleman’s Magazine and Historical Chronicle 64: 891.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Keegan DF (1900): Rhinoplastic operations with a description of recent improvements in the Indian method. London : Bailliere Tindal and Cox.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kaul L (1972) : Noses and lips to order. Hindustan Times Vol II, N 46.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Shah TM (1970): Rhinoplasty, a short description of 100 cases. (Originally published by Junagarh Sarkari Press, India, 1889). Reprinted in Plast Reconstructive Surgery 45 : 2.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Carpue JC (1969) : An account of two successful operations for restoring a lost nose (printed for Longman, Hurst Ress, Orme & Brown, London, 1816) Plast Reconstructive Surgery 44 : 175.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Dieffenbach JF (1845): Die operative Chirurgie. Leizig : F.A. Brockhauz.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lisfranc J. Rhinoplastic (1827): Clin Hosp Paris 2 : 285.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Waren JM (1837): Rhinoplastic operation. Boston Med Surg J 16 : 69.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Sood VP (1979) : Reconstructive Rhinoplasty. Proceedings of the Third International Congress of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery of the Head and Neck, New Orleans.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Sood VP (1979) : History of Rhinoplasty. Proceedings of the Third International Congress of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery of Head and Neck, New Orleans.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Sood VP (1983) : Rhinoplasty in India, Fourth International Symposium on Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery of the Head and Neck, Los Angles CA.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Sood VP (1981): Septorhinoplasty. Indian Journal of Otolaryngology; 33 : 83.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Sood VP (1987): History of Rhinology; Indian Contribution. F. med (B.R.) 94 : 207.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Sood VP (1991) : Progress of Rhinoplasty in India. In Fred J. Sticker eds. Proceedings of the Fifth International Congress of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery of the Head and Neck. St. Lowis C.V. Mosby. Chapter 72, Page 373 : 377.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Sood VP (1987): Nasal Endoscopy & Endoscopic sinus Surgery (Preliminary observation) Ind. J. Otolaryngology. 39 : 22.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Sood VP (1909): Nasal and Sinus Endoscopy, Ind. J. Otolaryngology, 42 : 143.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Sood VP (1994): Nasal and Sinus Endoscopy and Endoscopic Sinus Surgery, Mediquest, 12 : 1.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Sood VP (1976): Septoplasty. Indian J. Otolaryngology 28 : 3.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Sood VP (1985): Septoplasty in Children. Indian J. Otolaryngology 37 : 87.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Association of Otolaryngologists of India 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. P. Sood
    • 1
  1. 1.New Delhi

Personalised recommendations