The kinetics of heterogeneous organic reactions (II): The reaction between benzyl chloride and solid silver nitrate in the presence of inert diluents
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The kinetics of the reaction between benzyl chloride and solid silver nitrate has been studied in the presence of dry ethyl ether, chloroform and carbon tetrachloride.
All these diluents inhibit the reaction, the effect of ether being most marked.
The rate of reaction is proportional to the surface of silver nitrate present; it is independent of the initial amount of a given mixture of benzyl chloride and diluent taken.
The experimental results can be reproduced by a kinetic equation based on the assumption that the rate of reaction for a given initial mixture of benzyl chloride and diluent depends only on the surface of the silver nitrate present.
The effect of the diluent may be due to the adsorption on the surface of the silver nitrate.
KeywordsBenzyl Carbon Tetrachloride Silver Nitrate Ethyl Ether Benzyl Chloride
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