Use of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to detect potato leafroll virus in field grown potato, cv. Russet Burbank
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Use of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in detecting potato leafroll infections in field grown potato, cv. Russet Burbank, was studied from 1986 to 1988 at Rosemount, Minnesota. The objective was to determine relative reliability of current season foliage ELISA, tuber tissue ELISA, and tuber progeny foliage ELISA. Serological tests were most accurate when foliage of tuber progenies was tested. ELISA underestimated total leafroll infection when current season foliage from the inoculated plant was used, in those plants inoculated during late tuber bulking stage. Current season foliage ELISA tests using newly expanded terminal leaflets were more reliable than were tests using older leaflets. Leafroll infection was detected in the current season foliage and tuber progenies (tuber tissue as well as tuber progeny foliage) of some plants seven days after inoculation. Most current season foliage infections were detected by day 14–28 depending on year. Differences among years were most likely caused by variation in quality of virus source plants and numbers of vectors used in inoculation. ELISA tests on tuber tissue were almost as effective as ELISA tests on tuber progeny foliage in detecting potato leafroll 20 days after inoculation, but ELISA on tuber tissue substantially underestimated infection if plants were sampled earlier. Maximum percent tuber infection occurred 20 days or more after inoculation. Movement of the virus from the inoculated stem to other stems decreased with increased plant age at inoculation. Percent infected tubers declined with increased plant age at inoculation. Action thresholds developed for aphids in managing potato leafroll virus should take into account the temporal change in percent infected tubers.
Additional Key WordsPLRV ELISA M. persicae
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