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Senckenbergiana lethaea

, Volume 79, Issue 1, pp 145–189 | Cite as

Silicified Early Devonian (Lochkovian) brachiopods from Windellama, southeastern Australia

  • Ruth Mawson
  • John A. Talent
Article

Abstract

Silicified Early Devonian (Lochkovian;eurekaensis Zone) brachiopods from the Windellama Limestone of south-eastern Australia are documented. New taxa consist of one new genus, a schizophoriid,Pelecymya, type speciesP. caperata sp. nov., 9 other new species,Morinorhynchus trypeter, Asymmetrochonetes picketti, Hadrorhynchia? attinarum, Sphaerirhynchia? mastodon, Ambothyris? inopis. Howellella placeotextilis, Howellella alatextilis, Howellella legirupa, andReticulariopsis saginatus, and 2 new subspecies,Schizophoria antiqua erugata, andGypidula pelagica lunata. Though a typical Old World fauna, it has little resemblance to previously documented Late Silurian-Early Devonian (Ludlow-Lochkovian) brachiopod faunas, including silicified faunas, from elsewhere in Australia. Also documented are the poorly preserved brachiopods from the clastic and volcaniclastic Tangerong Formation (Early Devonian; ?Pragian) overlying the Windellama Limestone.

Key words

Silicified brachiopods Early Devonian Windellama Formation Australia 

Silifizierte Brachiopoden des Unter-Devon (Lochkovium) von Windellama, SE-Australien

Kurzfassung

Silifizierte Brachiopoden aus dem Unter-Devon (Lochkovium;eurekaensis-Zone) des Windellama-Kalksteins von SE-Australien werden dokumentiert. Als neues Taxon wird die schizophoriide GattungPelecymya n. gen. mit der Typus-ArtPelecymya caperata n. sp. beschrieben. Außerdem neun weitere Arten:Morinorhynchus trypeter n. sp.,Asymmetrochonetes picketti n. sp.,Hadrorhynchia? attinarum n. sp.,Sphaerirhynchia? mastodon n. sp.,Ambothyris? inopis n. sp.,Howellella placeotextilis n. sp.,Howellella alatextilis n. sp.,Howellella legirupa n. sp. undReticulariopsis saginatus n. sp. sowie die beiden UnterartenSchizophoria antiqua erugata n. subsp. undGypidula pelagica lunata n. subsp. Wenngleich diese Vergesellschaftung eine typische Fauna der ‘alten Welt’ darstellt, so zeigt sie doch wenig Ähnlichkeiten mit bereits früher beschriebenen Brachiopoden-Faunen des oberen Silur bis Unter-Devon (Ludlow-Lochkovium), einschließlich silifizierter Faunen, von anderen Fundorten Australiens. Ebenfalls dokumentiert werden die schlecht erhaltenen Brachiopoden der klastischen und vulkano-klastischen Tangerong Formation (Unter-Devon; ?Pragium), die den Windellama Kalkstein überlagert.

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Copyright information

© E. Schweizerbart’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Earth and Planctary SciencesMacquarie University Centre for Ecostratigraphy and PalaeobiologyAustralia

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