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Netherlands Journal of Plant Pathology

, Volume 83, Supplement 1, pp 317–329 | Cite as

Pathogenicity of fungi isolated from stems and bulbs of lilies and their sensitivity to benomyl

  • G. J. Bollen
Use of Systemic Fungicides in Practice

Abstract

In 1971 and 1972 crops of Lilium speciosum and the hybrid L. cv. ‘Enchantment’ grown from benomyl-treated planting stock suffered locally from wilting and defoliation. The symptoms were associated with lesions on the hypogeous part of the stem. From the lesions benomyl-resistant isolates of Cylindrocarpon sp. and a basidiomycete, Sistotrema sp., were obtained and also benomyl-sensitive isolates of Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. lilii. Inoculation experiments revealed that Cylindrocarpon sp. and F. oxysporum were highly pathogenic to scales buried in soil and used for propagation, as well as to young lily plants grown in vitro. In these experiments Sistotrema sp. proved to be weakly pathogenic. In greenhouse trials its pathogenicity to plants grown from bulbs planted in infested soil was not confirmed.

Since 1972 benomyl has only occasionally been used by Dutch lily growers and then only in combination with other fungicides, especially with captafol. From 1972 to 1975 resistance in the population of Cylindrocarpon sp. has gradually decreased, but has not disappeared entirely.

Keywords

Fusarium Potato Dextrose Agar Mycelial Growth Fusarium Oxysporum Benomyl 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Koninklijke Nederlandse Planteziektenkundige Vereniging 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. J. Bollen
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of PhytopathologyAgricultural UniversityWageningenThe Netherlands

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