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The Review of Black Political Economy

, Volume 2, Issue 1, pp 95–109 | Cite as

Africa and the European Economic Community

  • Monique Garrity
Articles
  • 25 Downloads

Keywords

Economic Integration Ivory Coast Black Political Economy African State European Economic Community 
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Footnotes

  1. 1.
    “CFA Franc System,”IMF Staff Papers (November, 1963), pp. 345–396.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Dr. Allardt,Tasks and Aims of the EEC in Africa, lecture given on the occasion of Africa Day at the German Industries Fair in Hanover, April 30, 1959 (Bruxelles: EEC Commission, 1959), p. 6.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Le Monde (Paris)quoted in G. Van Benthem Van der Bergh, “The New Convention of Association with African States,”Common Market Law Review, Vol. 1 (September, 1963), p. 159.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    “The Association of Overseas Countries and Territories,”American Journal of International Law., Vol. 51 (October, 1957), pp. 865–1004.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ibid. “The Association of Overseas Countries and Territories,”American Journal of International Law., Vol. 51 (October, 1957), p. 910.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ibid. “The Association of Overseas Countries and Territories,”American Journal of International Law., Vol. 51 (October, 1957), pp. 991–912.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ibid. “The Association of Overseas Countries and Territories,”American Journal of International Law., Vol. 51 (October, 1957), p. 950.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ibid. “The Association of Overseas Countries and Territories,”American Journal of International Law., Vol. 51 (October, 1957), p. 952.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Convention of Association between the EEC and the African and Malagasy States Associated with the Community and Related Documents (London: H.M.S.O., 1965).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ibid. Convention of Association between the EEC and the African and Malagasy States Associated with the Community and Related Documents (London: H.M.S.O., 1965). p. 31.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Ibid. Convention of Association between the EEC and the African and Malagasy States Associated with the Community and Related Documents (London: H.M.S.O., 1965). p. 16–20.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Convention of Association between the EEC and the African and Malagasy States Associated with that Community and Annexed Documents (Bruxelles: EEC Commission, 1969).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    See: GATT,Report of the Working Party on the Association of Overseas Territories with the EEC including Commodity Trade Studies (GENEVA: 1958); UNECA,Impact of Western European Integration on African Trade and Development (Dec., 1960) E/CN/4/72; Organization of American States, The Effects of the EEC on the Latin American Economies (Washington: OAS, 1963); R.K. Ramazani,The Middle East and the European Common Market (Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 1964); R.S. Nigam,A Study of the European Common Market and its Impact on India’s Foreign Trade, (New Delhi: S. Chand, 1964); P.N.C. Okigbo,Africa and the Common Market (Evanston: Northwestern University Press, 1967).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Nkrumah,The Times (London), July 3, 1961 p. 10 quoted in Sidney Dell,Trade Blocs and Common Markets (N.Y.: Knopf, 1963) p. 192.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Among the extensive literature on economic integration see: Jacob Viner,The Customs Union Issue, New York: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 1950); Bela Balassa,The Theory of Economic Integration (Homewood, Illinois: Irwin, 1964); R. G. Lipsey, “Theory of Economic Union: A General Survey, “Economic Journal, Vol. 74 (Sept., 1960), pp. 496–513; J.H. Gervers, “Vertical Integration of West Africa with Europe,”Nijerian Journal of Economics, Vol. 5 (March, 1963), pp. 65–75.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    “L’Evolution du Commerce de la C.E.E. avec. les Pays en voie de, Development de 1958 a 1967,”Marchés Tropicaux et Mediterannéens, (March 29, 1969), p. 870; and EEC.Foreign Trade Statistics (May 1971).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    UNCTAD,The Problems of Special Preferences (January 11, 1968 TD/16/Supp. 1), p. 14.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    EEC.Le Marché du Café, du Cacao et des Bananes dans les Pays de la CEE (Bruxelles, 1963), p. 37.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    UN,Commodity Trade Statistics, Series D, various issues.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Pan American Coffee Bureau,Annual Coffee Statistics (New York) various issues.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    UNCTAD,Programmes for the Liberalization and Expansion of Trade in Commodities of Interest to Developing Countries (Dec. 22, 1967) TD/11 Supp. 1, p. 15.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    PACB,Annual Coffee Statistics 1964.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    EEC.,Les Echanges Commerciaux entre la CEE et les Etats Africains et Malgache Associes 1958–1966/67, (Bruxelle, 1969), Annex V, Table 1.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    “Bilan et Perspectives de la Convention de Yaounde,”Revue due Marche Commun, (Juillet–Aout 1967), p. 399.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    UNCTAD,The Problems of Special Preferences, op. cit. UNCTAD,Programmes for the Liberalization and Expansion of Trade in Commodities of Interest to Developing Countries (Dec. 22, 1967) TD/11 Supp. 1, pp. 22–24.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Peter Robson, “Africa and EEC: A Quantitative Note on Trade Benefits,”Bulletin Oxford University Institute of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 27 (Nov., 1965), pp. 299–304.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Stephen H. Goodman, “EEC: The Economics of Associate Membership,”Journal of Development Studies, (January 1969), pp. 140–141.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Regarding the various UNCTAD proposals aimed at solving the trade problems of the developing countries see:Toward a Global Strategy of Development by the Secretary General of UNCTAD (january, 1968), TD/3/Rev. 1; ECA,Note on UNCTAD II and its Consequences for Africa (December 17, 1968), E/CN.14/437; For a critical evaluation of these proposals (commodity trade agreements, generalized preferences, compensatory financing, economic integration among developing countries) see: H.G. Johnson,Economic Policies Toward Less Developed Countries (N.Y.: Praeger, 1967) and G. M. Meier,The International Economics of Development (New York: Harper, 1968).Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Ann Seidman, “The Economics of Neo-Colonialism in West Africa,”Economic Bulletin of Ghana, Vol. 8 (No. 3, 1964), pp. 3–14; and James S. Magee, “What Role for E.C.A.? or Pan-Africanism Revisited,”Journal of Modern African Studies, Vol. 9 (No. 1, 1971) pp. 75–6.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Jean-Michel Filori, “L’Elargissement de l’Association: CEE-Afrique,”Revue du Marche Commun (February, 1971), p. 133.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Economist Intelligence Unit,Former French Tropical Africa (London, 1968), p. 6.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    “10 Years EDF”Common Market (June, 1968) p. 164.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    On this issue, see Albert O. Hirschman,The Strategy of Economic Development (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1959).Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Hamani Diori, “Preoccupations & Desiderata of the AASM in Connection with the Renewal of the Yaounde Convention,”Bulletin of the European Communities (December, 1968), p. 28.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Convention of Association, op. cit. Convention of Association between the EEC and the African and Malagasy States Associated with that Community and Annexed Documents (Bruxelles: EEC Commission, 1969) p. 4.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    EEC,Ninth General Report on the Activities of the Community (Brussels, June 1967), p. 261.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    “10 Years EDF”,op. cit. Ninth General Report on the Activities of the Community (Brussels, June 1967) p. 163.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Dr. Hendus, “En Marge des Negociations pour le Renouvellement de la Convention de Yaounde,”Marches Tropicaux et Mediteranneens (April 5, 1969), p. 1024.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    EEC Statistical Office,Overseas Associates: Foreign Trade, various issues.Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    The first Arusha Convention which was signed on July 26, 1968 never came into force. It was renewed in 1969 and like Yaounde II will expire in 1975. See “EEC-East Africa,”Africa Research Bulletin (May 15–June 14, 1968) p. 1043; “A New Beginning at Arusha,”Common Market (October, 1968), pp. 219–225; andAfrica Research Bulletin (June 16–July 14, 1969), p. 1407. Nigeria which has also negotiated a commercial arrangement with the EEC repudiated it in October 1968. A Statement which was then issued by the Ministry of Trade stated that the current war “has demonstrated the basic strength and independence of the Nigerian economy which could be jeopardized by neo-colonialist arrangements like association with the EEC now or in the future.”Africa Research Bulletin (Sept. 15–Oct. 14, 1968), p. 1154.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Kwame Nkrumah,Africa Must Unite (N.Y.: International Publishers, 1970), p. 168. See also the excellent study by Green and Seidman,Unity or Poverty? The Economics of Pan-Africanism (Baltimore: Penguin, 1968).Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Nkrumah,op. cit., p. 187.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 1971

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  • Monique Garrity

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