Optoelectronics Letters

, Volume 2, Issue 3, pp 163–168 | Cite as

Photonics-to-electronics integration for optical interconnects in the early 21st century

  • Ashok V. Krishnamoorthy


We discuss the technical rationale, challenges, and potential for achieving “optics-to-the chip” via the intimate integration of photonics components such as lasers, detectors, and modulators with VLSI electronics. We review the progress made towards commercializing this technology for high-density optical transceivers and switching products.

CLC number


Document code


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1]
    D. Huang,et al. The chip multithreading architecture and parallel optical interconnects,IEEE LEOS Summer Topical Meeting on Optical Interconnects, San Diego, 2004.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    K. W. Goossen,et al. Optoelectronics-in-VLSI in Wiley Encylcopedia of Electrical and Electronic Engineering,15(1999):380.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    L. Chirovsky, Heterogeneous Optoelectronics Integration,SPIE Critical Review, CR76 (2000).Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    C. Cook, J. Cunningham,et al. IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics,9(2003),2(March/April).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    R. Soref,Proceedings of the IEEE,81(1993),1687.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    M. Salib, L. Liao, R. Jones, M. Morse, A. Liu, D. Samara-Rubio, D. Alduino, and M. Paniccia,Intel Technology Journal,8 (2004),2(May).Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan, M. Lipson,Letters to Nature, 435(2005),19(May).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. [8]
    I. Keslassy, S.-T. Chuang, K. Yu, D. A. B. Miller, M. Horowitz, O. Solgaard, and N. McKeown,Proc. ACM SIGCOMM 03, August 2003, Karlsruhe, Germany.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Tianjin University of Technology 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sun Microsystems SSG/Physical Sciences CenterSan DiegoUSA

Personalised recommendations