Journal of Population Research

, Volume 18, Issue 1, pp 19–39 | Cite as

Net migration and migration effectiveness: A comparison between Australia and the United Kingdom, 1976–96

Part 2: Age-related migration patterns
  • John Stillwell
  • Martin Bell
  • Marcus Blake
  • Oliver Duke-Williams
  • Phil Rees


This paper explores the impact of net migration in Australia and the United Kingdom using measures of migration effectiveness computed from period-age migration data for four consecutive five-year periods. Results reported in Part 1 of this paper (Stillwellet al. 2000) suggest that while the overall effectiveness of net migration at the scale of city regions has declined over the twenty-year period in both countries, important geographical variations are evident. Part 2 considers how patterns of migration effectiveness vary by age and presents a single classification of all the city regions on the basis of age-specific effectiveness. More detailed analysis includes spatial patterns for particular age groups and net migration profiles of selected regions. Cohort effects are shown to be important for explaining changes between time periods in these regions.


Birth Cohort Internal Migration City Region Gold Coast Interregional Migration 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Stillwell
    • 3
  • Martin Bell
    • 1
  • Marcus Blake
    • 2
  • Oliver Duke-Williams
    • 3
  • Phil Rees
    • 3
  1. 1.University of QueenslandAustralia
  2. 2.University of AdelaideAustralia
  3. 3.School of GeographyUniversity of LeedsLeedsUK

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